A dielectric study of poly(ethylene‐co‐vinylacetate)–poly(vinyl chloride) blends. I. Miscibility and phase behavior

G. S. Rellick, J. Runt

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Abstract

Measurements of the complex permittivity were used to study miscibility and phase behavior in blends of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) with two random ethylene—vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers containing 45 and 70 wt % of vinyl acetate. The dielectric β relaxation of the pure polymers and blends was followed as a function of temperature and frequency for different blend compositions and thermal treatments. Blends of EVA 70/PVC were found to be miscible for compositions of about 25% EVA 70 and higher. Blends of lower EVA 70 content showed evidence of two‐phase behavior. EVA 45/PVC blends were found to be miscible only at the composition extremes; at intermediate compositions these blends were two‐phase, partially miscible. Both blend systems showed lower critical solution temperature behavior. Phase separation studies revealed that in the EVA 45/PVC blends, PVC was capable of diffusing into the higher Tg phase at temperatures below the Tg of the upper phase. In the blends, ion transport losses were significant above the loss peak temperatures, and in the two‐phase systems, often obscured the upper temperature loss process. It was shown possible, however, to correct the loss curves for this transport contribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-302
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1986

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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