A Differential Accelerometer System: Offline Calibration and State Estimation

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Abstract

Accelerometers are used in a wide variety of applications including inertial navigation systems and activity monitors. In order to reduce systematic and random errors and improve accuracy and precision, this paper proposes a differential accelerometer system where two triaxial accelerometers are combined in opposite directions. The differential system allows to create additional constraints that can be used for improving calibration and estimation. Calibration methods based on nonlinear optimization are suggested to determine the offset and the scaling vectors. The differential system also permits to determine and update the offset and the scaling factors dynamically based on the system's constraints. Sensor fusion is accomplished using a weighted least squares method. Experiments are carried out to evaluate and validate the system and the proposed methods including comparison with a single accelerometer system. It is shown that the differential system facilitates and improves acceleration estimation in terms of accuracy and precision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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