In this work, we extend the discrete interaction model/quantum mechanical (DIM/QM) method to simulate plasmon-enhanced two-photon absorption (PETPA). The metal nanoparticle is treated atomistically by means of electrodynamics, while the molecule is described using damped cubic response theory within a time-dependent density functional theory framework. Using DIM/QM, we study the PETPA of para-nitroaniline (p-NA) with a focus on the local and image field effects, the molecular orientation effects, and the molecule-nanoparticle distance effects. Our findings show that the enhancement is more complex than the simple |E|4 enhancement mechanism, where |E| is the local field at the position of the molecule. Because of specific interactions with the nanoparticle, we find that a TPA dark state of p-NA can be significantly enhanced through a coupling with the plasmon excitation. The results presented in this work illustrate that the coupling between molecular excitations and plasmons can give rise to unusual and complex behavior in nonlinear spectroscopy that cannot simply be understood by considering the optical properties of the individual molecules and nanoparticles separately. The method presented here provides detailed insights into the enhancement of nonlinear optical properties of molecules coupled to plasmonic nanoparticles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry