A dopamine receptor (DRD2) but not dopamine transporter (DAT1) gene polymorphism is associated with neurocognitive development of Mexican preschool children with lead exposure

Katarzyna Kordas, Adrienne S. Ettinger, David C. Bellinger, Lourdes Schnaas, Martha María Téllez Rojo, Mauricio Hernández-Avila, Howard Hu, Robert O. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effects of prenatal and postnatal lead exposure and polymorphisms in dopamine metabolism genes on neurocognitive development of Mexican children at 24 months (n = 220) and 48 months (n = 186) of age. Study design: We genotyped the dopamine transporter gene (DAT1; SLC6A3) variable nucleotide tandem repeat and the dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) Taq1A single nucleotide polymorphism. Children were assessed at 24 months with Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Mental Development Index and Psychomotor Development Index) and at 48 months with McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities. Results: Blood lead concentration (BLL) in umbilical cord was 6.6 ± 3.3 μg/dL (measured in 1995-96), 8.1 ± 4.4 μg/dL at 24 months, and 8.1 ± 3.6 μg/dL at 48 months. Cord BLL was negatively associated with Mental Development Index (P <.01) and Psychomotor Development Index (P <.1), but not McCarthy scores. The 48-month BLL, but not the 24-month BLL, was negatively associated with children's scores. Children with DRD2 TT genotype (variant) scored higher than children with CC genotype (wild type) on the Mental Development Index and McCarthy memory scale. Neither polymorphism modified the relationship between BLL (either prenatal or postnatal) and neurocognitive development. Conclusion: Lead exposure was adversely associated with neurocognitive measures, whereas the DRD2 Taq1A TT variant was positively associated with neurocognitive measures. We found no evidence of gene-environment interactions on developmental outcomes in early childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-643
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume159
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A dopamine receptor (DRD2) but not dopamine transporter (DAT1) gene polymorphism is associated with neurocognitive development of Mexican preschool children with lead exposure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this