A Drosophila receptor tyrosine phosphatase expressed in the embryonic CNS and larval optic lobes is a member of the set of proteins bearing the 'HRP' carbohydrate epitope

C. J. Desai, E. Popova, K. Zinn

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Abstract

Recent studies have defined several cell surface glycoproteins expressed in the developing nervous system of insect embryos that may be involved in axon outgrowth and guidance processes. These glycoproteins include the fasciclins and a group of receptor-linked protein tyrosine phosphatases (R- PTPs). In embryos, the fasciclins are localized to axonal subsets, while the R-PTPs appear to be expressed on most or all CNS axons. To identify other neuronal cell surface glycoproteins in the Drosophila embryo, we have taken a biochemical approach. This is based on the observation that antisera against horseradish peroxidase (HRP) recognize a carbohydrate epitope that is selectively expressed in the insect nervous system. A large number of neuronal glycoproteins (denoted 'HRP proteins') apparently bear the HRP carbohydrate epitope. We have used polyclonal anti-HRP antibodies to purify these proteins from Drosophila embryos, and have obtained protein sequences from seven HRP protein bands. These data define three major HRP proteins as neurotactin, fasciclin I, and an R-PTP, DPTP69D. Western blotting data suggest that fasciclin II, neuroglian, DPTP10D, and DPTP99A are also HRP proteins. We show that DPTP69D, like the previously characterized R-PTPs, is localized to CNS axons in the embryo. In third instar larvae, DPTP69D expression is restricted to subsets of neuronal processes in the brain, ventral nerve cord, and eye disk. In the optic lobes, DPTP69D is localized to the neuropils of the lamina and medulla, and to an array of parallel thick bundles that may be the transmedullary fibers of the developing lobula complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7272-7283
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume14
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Horseradish Peroxidase
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Drosophila
Epitopes
Carbohydrates
Embryonic Structures
Proteins
Membrane Glycoproteins
Nervous System
Axons
Insects
Glycoproteins
Chemokine CX3CL1
Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
Neuropil
tyrosine receptor
Larva
Immune Sera
Western Blotting
Antibodies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "A Drosophila receptor tyrosine phosphatase expressed in the embryonic CNS and larval optic lobes is a member of the set of proteins bearing the 'HRP' carbohydrate epitope",
abstract = "Recent studies have defined several cell surface glycoproteins expressed in the developing nervous system of insect embryos that may be involved in axon outgrowth and guidance processes. These glycoproteins include the fasciclins and a group of receptor-linked protein tyrosine phosphatases (R- PTPs). In embryos, the fasciclins are localized to axonal subsets, while the R-PTPs appear to be expressed on most or all CNS axons. To identify other neuronal cell surface glycoproteins in the Drosophila embryo, we have taken a biochemical approach. This is based on the observation that antisera against horseradish peroxidase (HRP) recognize a carbohydrate epitope that is selectively expressed in the insect nervous system. A large number of neuronal glycoproteins (denoted 'HRP proteins') apparently bear the HRP carbohydrate epitope. We have used polyclonal anti-HRP antibodies to purify these proteins from Drosophila embryos, and have obtained protein sequences from seven HRP protein bands. These data define three major HRP proteins as neurotactin, fasciclin I, and an R-PTP, DPTP69D. Western blotting data suggest that fasciclin II, neuroglian, DPTP10D, and DPTP99A are also HRP proteins. We show that DPTP69D, like the previously characterized R-PTPs, is localized to CNS axons in the embryo. In third instar larvae, DPTP69D expression is restricted to subsets of neuronal processes in the brain, ventral nerve cord, and eye disk. In the optic lobes, DPTP69D is localized to the neuropils of the lamina and medulla, and to an array of parallel thick bundles that may be the transmedullary fibers of the developing lobula complex.",
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T1 - A Drosophila receptor tyrosine phosphatase expressed in the embryonic CNS and larval optic lobes is a member of the set of proteins bearing the 'HRP' carbohydrate epitope

AU - Desai, C. J.

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AU - Zinn, K.

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N2 - Recent studies have defined several cell surface glycoproteins expressed in the developing nervous system of insect embryos that may be involved in axon outgrowth and guidance processes. These glycoproteins include the fasciclins and a group of receptor-linked protein tyrosine phosphatases (R- PTPs). In embryos, the fasciclins are localized to axonal subsets, while the R-PTPs appear to be expressed on most or all CNS axons. To identify other neuronal cell surface glycoproteins in the Drosophila embryo, we have taken a biochemical approach. This is based on the observation that antisera against horseradish peroxidase (HRP) recognize a carbohydrate epitope that is selectively expressed in the insect nervous system. A large number of neuronal glycoproteins (denoted 'HRP proteins') apparently bear the HRP carbohydrate epitope. We have used polyclonal anti-HRP antibodies to purify these proteins from Drosophila embryos, and have obtained protein sequences from seven HRP protein bands. These data define three major HRP proteins as neurotactin, fasciclin I, and an R-PTP, DPTP69D. Western blotting data suggest that fasciclin II, neuroglian, DPTP10D, and DPTP99A are also HRP proteins. We show that DPTP69D, like the previously characterized R-PTPs, is localized to CNS axons in the embryo. In third instar larvae, DPTP69D expression is restricted to subsets of neuronal processes in the brain, ventral nerve cord, and eye disk. In the optic lobes, DPTP69D is localized to the neuropils of the lamina and medulla, and to an array of parallel thick bundles that may be the transmedullary fibers of the developing lobula complex.

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