A family study of memory processes and their relations to cognitive test scores

R. E. Cole, R. C. Johnson, Frank Martin Ahern, A. R. Kuse, G. E. McClearn, S. G. Vandenberg, J. R. Wilson

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Abstract

Members of 118 families (456 individuals) who had been tested on several measures of cognitive ability were retested on the same battery in order to determine test-retest reliability. They then were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and tests of visual memory, auditory memory, and figure memory, as well as other measures not discussed herein. Intercorrelations of memory tasks were low to moderate. Factor analysis resulted in a four factor solution. The different factors appeared to represent auditory sequential memory (Factor I); visual memory, as measured psychometrically (Factor II); visual memory, as measured experimentally (Factor III); and figure memory (Factor IV). A second order factor analysis yielded two factors, one consisting of basically psychometric measures of memory and the other of measures of memory obtained in the experimental psychological tradition. Memory measures generally showed low to moderate positive correlations with scores on the cognitive test battery. Significant spouse correlations were found for 3 of the 11 measures of memory. Significant midparent-midchild regressions were found for 9 of the 11 memory measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-137
Number of pages11
JournalIntelligence
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1979

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Cole, R. E., Johnson, R. C., Ahern, F. M., Kuse, A. R., McClearn, G. E., Vandenberg, S. G., & Wilson, J. R. (1979). A family study of memory processes and their relations to cognitive test scores. Intelligence, 3(2), 127-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-2896(79)90011-4