A field investigation of perceived behavioral control and blood alcohol content: A pattern-oriented approach

Ryan C. Smith, Patrick T. Coyle, Conrad Baldner, Bethany C. Bray, E. Scott Geller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

As the first field study of perceived behavioral control (PBC) to assess alcohol consumption with a physiological measure (i.e., blood alcohol content; BAC), the research examined the impact of intoxication on alcohol-specific PBC (APBC). In total, 665 passersby were recruited into the study at several late-night drinking locations near a large university campus. After answering questions regarding personal demographics and APBC, participants were administered a breath alcohol test (Lifeloc FC-20; ± .005. mL/L). The average BAC of drinking participants was .096. mL/L. A latent class analysis (LCA) was performed to classify participants based on APBC responses. Three classes emerged: high PBC, high controllability, and low controllability. Class membership varied as a function of gender and Greek-life membership. Blood alcohol content was a significant predictor of class membership. Results show a link between alcohol consumption and APBC that varies based on gender and Greek-life status. These findings are discussed with regard to their implications for a variety of prevention interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2080-2083
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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