A first comparison of Kepler planet candidates in single and multiple systems

David W. Latham, Jason F. Rowe, Samuel N. Quinn, Natalie M. Batalha, William J. Borucki, Timothy M. Brown, Stephen T. Bryson, Lars A. Buchhave, Douglas A. Caldwell, Joshua A. Carter, Jessie L. Christiansen, David R. Ciardi, William D. Cochran, Edward W. Dunham, Daniel C. Fabrycky, Eric B. Ford, Thomas N. Gautier, Ronald L. Gilliland, Matthew J. Holman, Steve B. HowellKhadeejah A. Ibrahim, Howard Isaacson, Jon M. Jenkins, David G. Koch, Jack J. Lissauer, Geoffrey W. Marcy, Elisa V. Quintana, Darin Ragozzine, Dimitar Sasselov, Avi Shporer, Jason H. Steffen, William F. Welsh, Bill Wohler

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Abstract

In this Letter, we present an overview of the rich population of systems with multiple candidate transiting planets found in the first four months of Kepler data. The census of multiples includes 115 targets that show two candidate planets, 45 with three, eight with four, and one each with five and six, for a total of 170 systems with 408 candidates. When compared to the 827 systems with only one candidate, the multiples account for 17% of the total number of systems, and one-third of all the planet candidates. We compare the characteristics of candidates found in multiples with those found in singles. False positives due to eclipsing binaries are much less common for the multiples, as expected. Singles and multiples are both dominated by planets smaller than Neptune; 69+2-3% for singles and 86 +2-5% for multiples. This result, that systems with multiple transiting planets are less likely to include a transiting giant planet, suggests that close-in giant planets tend to disrupt the orbital inclinations of small planets in flat systems, or maybe even prevent the formation of such systems in the first place.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL24
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume732
Issue number2 PART II
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Latham, D. W., Rowe, J. F., Quinn, S. N., Batalha, N. M., Borucki, W. J., Brown, T. M., Bryson, S. T., Buchhave, L. A., Caldwell, D. A., Carter, J. A., Christiansen, J. L., Ciardi, D. R., Cochran, W. D., Dunham, E. W., Fabrycky, D. C., Ford, E. B., Gautier, T. N., Gilliland, R. L., Holman, M. J., ... Wohler, B. (2011). A first comparison of Kepler planet candidates in single and multiple systems. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 732(2 PART II), [L24]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/732/2/L24