A first-guess feature-based algorithm for estimating wind speed in clear-air Doppler radar spectra

E. E. Clothiaux, R. S. Penc, D. W. Thomson, T. P. Ackerman, S. R. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations


Algorithms for deriving winds from profiler range-gated spectra currently rely on consensus averaging to remove outliers from the subhourly velocity estimates. To negate the deleterious effects of persistent ground clutter, as well as to attempt to improve performance during periods of poor signal-to-noise ratio, an algorithm was developed that uses the local maxima in power density in each spectrum to build multiple profiles of possible radial velocity estimates from the first to last range gate. The spectra are smoothed, the local power density maxima are identified, chains are formed across range gates by connecting those local power density maxima that satisfy a continuity constraint, and finally profiles are built from a combination of chains by maximizing an energy function based on continuity, gate separation, and summed power density. Features based on power density and power density after half-plane subtraction are then constructed for each profile and a backpropagation neural network is subsequently used to classify the profile most likely reflecting the atmospheric state. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)888-908
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Atmospheric & Oceanic Technology
Issue number4 part 1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Atmospheric Science

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