A first-principles study of structure, elasticity and thermal decomposition of Ti1-xTMxN alloys (TM = Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, and Ta)

Pengfei Ou, Jiong Wang, Shunli Shang, Li Chen, Yong Du, Zi-kui Liu, Feng Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic investigation concerning the effects of transition metals (TM=Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, and Ta) on the structure, elasticity and thermal decomposition of the TiN-based nitride coatings with a cubic rock-salt structure has been performed in terms of first-principles calculations. Calculated lattice parameters of Ti1-xTMxN as a function of alloying concentration show positive derivations from the linearized Vegard's law, agreeing well with experimental and theoretical results. Positive enthalpies of mixing of Ti1-xTMxN (TM=Y, Zr, and Hf) indicate that the formation of these alloys is energetically unfavored with respect to the mixing of the cubic phases. The predicted consolute temperature of Ti1-xZrxN agrees reasonably well with previous theoretical findings. The miscibility gaps disappear in the case of alloying TiN with NbN and TaN. Predicted elastic stiffness constants C11, C12, and C44 together with the aggregate polycrystalline properties of Ti1-xTMxN are determined by an efficient strain-stress method. The present results indicate that the above nitride alloys are mechanically stable and addition of Nb and Ta increases the ductility, with Ta possessing the largest effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume264
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2015

Fingerprint

Alloying
Nitrides
alloying
thermal decomposition
nitrides
Elasticity
Pyrolysis
elastic properties
decomposition
miscibility gap
halites
ductility
Lattice constants
Transition metals
Ductility
Enthalpy
lattice parameters
stiffness
derivation
Solubility

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "A first-principles study of structure, elasticity and thermal decomposition of Ti1-xTMxN alloys (TM = Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, and Ta)",
abstract = "A systematic investigation concerning the effects of transition metals (TM=Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, and Ta) on the structure, elasticity and thermal decomposition of the TiN-based nitride coatings with a cubic rock-salt structure has been performed in terms of first-principles calculations. Calculated lattice parameters of Ti1-xTMxN as a function of alloying concentration show positive derivations from the linearized Vegard's law, agreeing well with experimental and theoretical results. Positive enthalpies of mixing of Ti1-xTMxN (TM=Y, Zr, and Hf) indicate that the formation of these alloys is energetically unfavored with respect to the mixing of the cubic phases. The predicted consolute temperature of Ti1-xZrxN agrees reasonably well with previous theoretical findings. The miscibility gaps disappear in the case of alloying TiN with NbN and TaN. Predicted elastic stiffness constants C11, C12, and C44 together with the aggregate polycrystalline properties of Ti1-xTMxN are determined by an efficient strain-stress method. The present results indicate that the above nitride alloys are mechanically stable and addition of Nb and Ta increases the ductility, with Ta possessing the largest effect.",
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A first-principles study of structure, elasticity and thermal decomposition of Ti1-xTMxN alloys (TM = Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, and Ta). / Ou, Pengfei; Wang, Jiong; Shang, Shunli; Chen, Li; Du, Yong; Liu, Zi-kui; Zheng, Feng.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 264, 25.02.2015, p. 41-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A first-principles study of structure, elasticity and thermal decomposition of Ti1-xTMxN alloys (TM = Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, and Ta)

AU - Ou, Pengfei

AU - Wang, Jiong

AU - Shang, Shunli

AU - Chen, Li

AU - Du, Yong

AU - Liu, Zi-kui

AU - Zheng, Feng

PY - 2015/2/25

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AB - A systematic investigation concerning the effects of transition metals (TM=Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, and Ta) on the structure, elasticity and thermal decomposition of the TiN-based nitride coatings with a cubic rock-salt structure has been performed in terms of first-principles calculations. Calculated lattice parameters of Ti1-xTMxN as a function of alloying concentration show positive derivations from the linearized Vegard's law, agreeing well with experimental and theoretical results. Positive enthalpies of mixing of Ti1-xTMxN (TM=Y, Zr, and Hf) indicate that the formation of these alloys is energetically unfavored with respect to the mixing of the cubic phases. The predicted consolute temperature of Ti1-xZrxN agrees reasonably well with previous theoretical findings. The miscibility gaps disappear in the case of alloying TiN with NbN and TaN. Predicted elastic stiffness constants C11, C12, and C44 together with the aggregate polycrystalline properties of Ti1-xTMxN are determined by an efficient strain-stress method. The present results indicate that the above nitride alloys are mechanically stable and addition of Nb and Ta increases the ductility, with Ta possessing the largest effect.

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