Black hole systems with outflows are characterized by intrinsic physical quantities such as the outflow beam power, L j, the bolometric accretion disk luminosity, L bol, and black hole mass or Eddington luminosity, L Edd. When these systems produce compact radio emission and X-ray emission, they can be placed on the fundamental plane (FP), an empirical relationship between compact radio luminosity, X-ray luminosity, and black hole mass. We consider a fundamental line (FL) of black hole activity written in terms of dimensionless intrinsic physical quantities: log(L j/L Edd) = A log(L bol/L Edd) + B or equivalently log(L j/L bol) = (A - 1) log(L bol/L Edd) + B, and show that the FP may be written in the form of the FL. The FL has a smaller dispersion than the FP, suggesting the FP derives from the FL. Disk-dominated and jet-dominated systems have consistent best-fit FL parameters that suggest they are governed by the same physics. There are sharp cutoffs at L bol/L Edd ≃ 1 and L j/L Edd ≃ 0.2, and no indication of a strong break as . Consistent values of A are obtained for numerous samples, including FRII sources, LINERS, AGNs with compact radio emission, and Galactic black holes, which indicate a weighted mean value of A ≃ 0.45 ± 0.01. The results suggest that a common physical mechanism related to the dimensionless bolometric luminosity of the disk controls the jet power relative to the disk power. The beam power L j can be obtained by combining FP best-fit parameters and compact radio luminosity for sources that fall on the FP.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science