TY - JOUR

T1 - A game-theoretic genetic algorithm for the reliable server assignment problem under attacks

AU - Konak, Abdullah

AU - Kulturel-Konak, Sadan

AU - Snyder, Lawrence V.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/7

Y1 - 2015/7

N2 - Abstract We introduce the reliable server assignment problem considering attacks, which seeks to choose the locations of servers on a network in order to maximize the network reliability that results from a worst-case attack on the edges of the network. The problem is formulated on an unreliable network such that edges are subject to fail independently, and attacks increase the probability of failure for the attacked network edges. The reliability is measured by the critical service rate, which equals the probability that at least a fraction α of the nodes in the network are connected to a server. We model this problem as a bi-level optimization problem, with the network designer acting as the leader and the attacker acting as the follower. The problem is very difficult to solve, both because of its bi-level structure and because simply evaluating the critical service rate for a single network configuration and attack is NP-hard. We propose a novel Game-Theoretic Genetic Algorithm (GTGA) that simultaneously maintains two populations, one for each player, which interact through a joint payoff matrix. We benchmark the GTGA against a more straightforward Nested GA (NGA) and find that the GTGA significantly outperforms the NGA in terms of solution quality with nearly identical CPU times. We also introduce an efficient simulation method to estimate the reliability for a given set of servers and integrate this into the GAs. We contribute to the literature on the reliable server assignment problem, as well as introducing a novel algorithmic approach that can be adapted to other bi-level optimization problems.

AB - Abstract We introduce the reliable server assignment problem considering attacks, which seeks to choose the locations of servers on a network in order to maximize the network reliability that results from a worst-case attack on the edges of the network. The problem is formulated on an unreliable network such that edges are subject to fail independently, and attacks increase the probability of failure for the attacked network edges. The reliability is measured by the critical service rate, which equals the probability that at least a fraction α of the nodes in the network are connected to a server. We model this problem as a bi-level optimization problem, with the network designer acting as the leader and the attacker acting as the follower. The problem is very difficult to solve, both because of its bi-level structure and because simply evaluating the critical service rate for a single network configuration and attack is NP-hard. We propose a novel Game-Theoretic Genetic Algorithm (GTGA) that simultaneously maintains two populations, one for each player, which interact through a joint payoff matrix. We benchmark the GTGA against a more straightforward Nested GA (NGA) and find that the GTGA significantly outperforms the NGA in terms of solution quality with nearly identical CPU times. We also introduce an efficient simulation method to estimate the reliability for a given set of servers and integrate this into the GAs. We contribute to the literature on the reliable server assignment problem, as well as introducing a novel algorithmic approach that can be adapted to other bi-level optimization problems.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.cie.2015.02.028

DO - 10.1016/j.cie.2015.02.028

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84925871792

VL - 85

SP - 73

EP - 85

JO - Computers and Industrial Engineering

JF - Computers and Industrial Engineering

SN - 0360-8352

M1 - 3973

ER -