Increased commonality in a family of products can simplify manufacturing and reduce the associated costs and leadtimes. There is a tradeoff, however, between commonality and individual product performance within a product family, and this paper introduces a genetic algorithm based method to help find an acceptable balance between commonality in the product family and desired performance of the individual products in the family. The method uses (1) Design of Experiments to help screen unimportant factors and identify factors of interest to the product family, and (2) a multiobjective genetic algorithm, the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm, to optimize the performance of the products in the resulting family. To demonstrate implementation of the proposed method, the design of a family of three General Aviation Aircraft is presented along with a product variety tradeoff study to determine the extent of the tradeoff between commonality and individual product performance within the aircraft family. The efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed method are illustrated by comparing the family of aircraft against individually optimized designs and designs obtained from an alternate gradient-based multiobjective optimization method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Control and Optimization
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Applied Mathematics