Cellular manufacturing (CM) is an approach that can be used to enhance both flexibility and efficiency in today's small-to-medium lot production environment. The design of a CM system (CMS) often involves three major decisions: cell formation, group layout, and group schedule. Ideally, these decisions should be addressed simultaneously in order to obtain the best results. However, due to the complexity and NP-complete nature of each decision and the limitations of traditional approaches, most researchers have only addressed these decisions sequentially or independently. In this study, a hierarchical genetic algorithm is developed to simultaneously form manufacturing cells and determine the group layout of a CMS. The intrinsic features of our proposed algorithm include a hierarchical chromosome structure to encode two important cell design decisions, a new selection scheme to dynamically consider two correlated fitness functions, and a group mutation operator to increase the probability of mutation. From the computational analyses, these proposed structure and operators are found to be effective in improving solution quality as well as accelerating convergence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Modeling and Simulation
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Information Systems and Management