A Genome-wide Association Study Identifying RAP1A as a Novel Susceptibility Gene for Crohn's Disease in Japanese Individuals

Yoichi Kakuta, Yosuke Kawai, Takeo Naito, Atsushi Hirano, Junji Umeno, Yuta Fuyuno, Zhenqiu Liu, Dalin Li, Takeru Nakano, Yasuhiro Izumiyama, Ryo Ichikawa, Daisuke Okamoto, Hiroshi Nagai, Shin Matsumoto, Katsutoshi Yamamoto, Naonobu Yokoyama, Hirofumi Chiba, Yusuke Shimoyama, Motoyuki Onodera, Rintaro MoroiMasatake Kuroha, Yoshitake Kanazawa, Tomoya Kimura, Hisashi Shiga, Katsuya Endo, Kenichi Negoro, Jun Yasuda, Motohiro Esaki, Katsushi Tokunaga, Minoru Nakamura, Takayuki Matsumoto, Dermot P.B. McGovern, Masao Nagasaki, Yoshitaka Kinouchi, Tooru Shimosegawa, Atsushi Masamune

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Genome-wide association studies [GWASs] of European populations have identified numerous susceptibility loci for Crohn's disease [CD]. Susceptibility genes differ by ethnicity, however, so GWASs specific for Asian populations are required. This study aimed to clarify the Japanese-specific genetic background for CD by a GWAS using the Japonica array [JPA] and subsequent imputation with the 1KJPN reference panel. Methods: Two independent Japanese case/control sets (Tohoku region [379 CD patients, 1621 controls] and Kyushu region [334 CD patients, 462 controls]) were included. GWASs were performed separately for each population, followed by a meta-analysis. Two additional replication sets [254 + 516 CD patients and 287 + 565 controls] were analysed for top hit single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs] from novel genomic regions. Results: Genotype data of 4 335 144 SNPs from 713 Japanese CD patients and 2083 controls were analysed. SNPs located in TNFSF15 (rs78898421, Pmeta = 2.59 × 10-26, odds ratio [OR] = 2.10), HLA-DQB1 [rs184950714, pmeta = 3.56 × 10-19, OR = 2.05], ZNF365, and 4p14 loci were significantly associated with CD in Japanese individuals. Replication analyses were performed for four novel candidate loci [p <1 × 10-6], and rs488200 located upstream of RAP1A was significantly associated with CD [pcombined = 4.36 × 10-8, OR = 1.31]. Transcriptome analysis of CD4+ effector memory T cells from lamina propria mononuclear cells of CD patients revealed a significant association of rs488200 with RAP1A expression. Conclusions: RAP1A is a novel susceptibility locus for CD in the Japanese population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)648-658
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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    Kakuta, Y., Kawai, Y., Naito, T., Hirano, A., Umeno, J., Fuyuno, Y., Liu, Z., Li, D., Nakano, T., Izumiyama, Y., Ichikawa, R., Okamoto, D., Nagai, H., Matsumoto, S., Yamamoto, K., Yokoyama, N., Chiba, H., Shimoyama, Y., Onodera, M., ... Masamune, A. (2019). A Genome-wide Association Study Identifying RAP1A as a Novel Susceptibility Gene for Crohn's Disease in Japanese Individuals. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, 13(5), 648-658. https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy197