We prove that a diffeomorphism possessing a homoclinic point with a topological crossing (possibly with infinite order contact) has positive topological entropy, along with an analogous statement for heteroclinic points. We apply these results to study area-preserving perturbations of area-preserving surface diffeomorphisms possessing homoclinic and double heteroclinic connections. In the heteroclinic case, the perturbed map can fail to have positive topological entropy only if the perturbation preserves the double heteroclinic connection or if it creates a homoclinic connection. In the homoclinic case, the perturbed map can fail to have positive topological entropy only if the perturbation preserves the connection. These results significantly simplify the application of the Poincaré-Arnold-Melnikov-Sotomayor method. The results apply even when the contraction and expansion at the fixed point is subexponential.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics