A groundwater-planning toolkit for the Main Karoo Basin: Identifying and quantifying groundwater-development options incorporating the concept of wellfield yields and aquifer firm yields

R. Murray, Katherine H. Baker, P. Ravenscroft, C. Musekiwa, R. Dennis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of groundwater-planning tools that were developed during a Water Research Commission project that was initiated due to the need to place the significant knowledge on groundwater of the Karoo Basin within the realms of water resource planning. In essence, the project aimed to identify favourable areas of groundwater potential for bulk municipal water supplies, to provide a method to quantify them, and to package the information so that it is assessable for planning purposes. In identifying favourable groundwater areas, the focus turned to developing a detailed transmissivity map of the Main Karoo Basin. In order to present yields in an accessible manner to water-supply planners, the same concept used in surface-water resource assessments and dam or reservoir design were adapted and applied to groundwater. Two methods were developed, namely the Aquifer Assured Yield Model and the Aquifer Firm Yield Model (the latter of which was developed into a software package together with the other products). The Aquifer Firm Yield Model provides the historical firm yield and uses historical monthly rainfall data together with recharge, evapotranspiration and baseflow to determine aquifer storage in any given month. The firm yield can be considered to define the upper limit of the groundwater resource. In order to establish possible wellfield yields, the C-J Wellfield Model (based on the Cooper-Jacob approximation of the Theis groundwater-flow equation) was developed whereby borehole spacing can be optimised after inputting estimated transmissivity values from the transmissivity map. To aid the planning process, groundwater-quality maps were produced together with the Wellfield Cost Model which provides an easy way to obtain first-order cost estimates of the wellfield options. This paper briefly describes these 'tools' that were produced and provides slightly more detail on how the transmissivity maps were developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-416
Number of pages10
JournalWater SA
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Groundwater
aquifer
transmissivity
groundwater
basin
Water Resources
water supply
water resource
Water Supply
resource assessment
baseflow
groundwater resource
firm
planning
planning process
cost
groundwater flow
evapotranspiration
recharge
spacing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper provides an overview of groundwater-planning tools that were developed during a Water Research Commission project that was initiated due to the need to place the significant knowledge on groundwater of the Karoo Basin within the realms of water resource planning. In essence, the project aimed to identify favourable areas of groundwater potential for bulk municipal water supplies, to provide a method to quantify them, and to package the information so that it is assessable for planning purposes. In identifying favourable groundwater areas, the focus turned to developing a detailed transmissivity map of the Main Karoo Basin. In order to present yields in an accessible manner to water-supply planners, the same concept used in surface-water resource assessments and dam or reservoir design were adapted and applied to groundwater. Two methods were developed, namely the Aquifer Assured Yield Model and the Aquifer Firm Yield Model (the latter of which was developed into a software package together with the other products). The Aquifer Firm Yield Model provides the historical firm yield and uses historical monthly rainfall data together with recharge, evapotranspiration and baseflow to determine aquifer storage in any given month. The firm yield can be considered to define the upper limit of the groundwater resource. In order to establish possible wellfield yields, the C-J Wellfield Model (based on the Cooper-Jacob approximation of the Theis groundwater-flow equation) was developed whereby borehole spacing can be optimised after inputting estimated transmissivity values from the transmissivity map. To aid the planning process, groundwater-quality maps were produced together with the Wellfield Cost Model which provides an easy way to obtain first-order cost estimates of the wellfield options. This paper briefly describes these 'tools' that were produced and provides slightly more detail on how the transmissivity maps were developed.",
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A groundwater-planning toolkit for the Main Karoo Basin : Identifying and quantifying groundwater-development options incorporating the concept of wellfield yields and aquifer firm yields. / Murray, R.; Baker, Katherine H.; Ravenscroft, P.; Musekiwa, C.; Dennis, R.

In: Water SA, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.01.2012, p. 407-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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