Previous studies demonstrated that oligopeptide chemoattractant receptors on PMN and macrophages exist in high and low affinity states which are interconvertible by guanosine di- and triphosphates. These observations suggest that guanine nucleotide regulatory (N) proteins play a role in phagocyte activation by chemotactic factors. The data presented here indicate that chemotactic factor receptors on monocytes utilize an N protein to activate phospholipase C and subsequent biologic responses by the cells. This conclusion is based on the findings that inactivation of an N protein of 41,000 m.w. by Bordetella pertussis toxin (PT) treatment abolishes monocyte responsiveness to chemoattractants but not to lectins, PMA, or the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Treatment with PT inhibited IP3 production, Ca2+ mobilization, and cellular activation as assessed by chemotaxis and changes in forward light scattering in response to the chemoattractants by at least 80%. Therefore, a PT-sensitive N protein plays an important role in the activation of monocytes by chemoattractants.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Sep 10 1986|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy