A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology Can Transform Mental Health Research

Christopher C. Conway, Miriam K. Forbes, Kelsie T. Forbush, Eiko I. Fried, Michael Nelson Hallquist, Roman Kotov, Stephanie N. Mullins-Sweatt, Alexander J. Shackman, Andrew E. Skodol, Susan C. South, Matthew Sunderland, Monika A. Waszczuk, David H. Zald, Mohammad H. Afzali, Marina A. Bornovalova, Natacha Carragher, Anna R. Docherty, Katherine G. Jonas, Robert F. Krueger, Praveetha Patalay & 21 others Aaron Lee Pincus, Jennifer L. Tackett, Ulrich Reininghaus, Irwin D. Waldman, Aidan G.C. Wright, Johannes Zimmermann, Bo Bach, R. Michael Bagby, Michael Chmielewski, David C. Cicero, Lee Anna Clark, Tim Dalgleish, Colin G. DeYoung, Christopher J. Hopwood, Masha Y. Ivanova, Robert D. Latzman, Christopher J. Patrick, Camilo J. Ruggero, Douglas B. Samuel, David Watson, Nicholas R. Eaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For more than a century, research on psychopathology has focused on categorical diagnoses. Although this work has produced major discoveries, growing evidence points to the superiority of a dimensional approach to the science of mental illness. Here we outline one such dimensional system—the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP)—that is based on empirical patterns of co-occurrence among psychological symptoms. We highlight key ways in which this framework can advance mental-health research, and we provide some heuristics for using HiTOP to test theories of psychopathology. We then review emerging evidence that supports the value of a hierarchical, dimensional model of mental illness across diverse research areas in psychological science. These new data suggest that the HiTOP system has the potential to accelerate and improve research on mental-health problems as well as efforts to more effectively assess, prevent, and treat mental illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-436
Number of pages18
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Fingerprint

Psychopathology
Mental Health
Research
Psychology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Conway, C. C., Forbes, M. K., Forbush, K. T., Fried, E. I., Hallquist, M. N., Kotov, R., ... Eaton, N. R. (2019). A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology Can Transform Mental Health Research. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14(3), 419-436. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691618810696
Conway, Christopher C. ; Forbes, Miriam K. ; Forbush, Kelsie T. ; Fried, Eiko I. ; Hallquist, Michael Nelson ; Kotov, Roman ; Mullins-Sweatt, Stephanie N. ; Shackman, Alexander J. ; Skodol, Andrew E. ; South, Susan C. ; Sunderland, Matthew ; Waszczuk, Monika A. ; Zald, David H. ; Afzali, Mohammad H. ; Bornovalova, Marina A. ; Carragher, Natacha ; Docherty, Anna R. ; Jonas, Katherine G. ; Krueger, Robert F. ; Patalay, Praveetha ; Pincus, Aaron Lee ; Tackett, Jennifer L. ; Reininghaus, Ulrich ; Waldman, Irwin D. ; Wright, Aidan G.C. ; Zimmermann, Johannes ; Bach, Bo ; Bagby, R. Michael ; Chmielewski, Michael ; Cicero, David C. ; Clark, Lee Anna ; Dalgleish, Tim ; DeYoung, Colin G. ; Hopwood, Christopher J. ; Ivanova, Masha Y. ; Latzman, Robert D. ; Patrick, Christopher J. ; Ruggero, Camilo J. ; Samuel, Douglas B. ; Watson, David ; Eaton, Nicholas R. / A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology Can Transform Mental Health Research. In: Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 419-436.
@article{58afb0fcb30b4e7cb5e0be8a27ea4bc7,
title = "A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology Can Transform Mental Health Research",
abstract = "For more than a century, research on psychopathology has focused on categorical diagnoses. Although this work has produced major discoveries, growing evidence points to the superiority of a dimensional approach to the science of mental illness. Here we outline one such dimensional system—the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP)—that is based on empirical patterns of co-occurrence among psychological symptoms. We highlight key ways in which this framework can advance mental-health research, and we provide some heuristics for using HiTOP to test theories of psychopathology. We then review emerging evidence that supports the value of a hierarchical, dimensional model of mental illness across diverse research areas in psychological science. These new data suggest that the HiTOP system has the potential to accelerate and improve research on mental-health problems as well as efforts to more effectively assess, prevent, and treat mental illness.",
author = "Conway, {Christopher C.} and Forbes, {Miriam K.} and Forbush, {Kelsie T.} and Fried, {Eiko I.} and Hallquist, {Michael Nelson} and Roman Kotov and Mullins-Sweatt, {Stephanie N.} and Shackman, {Alexander J.} and Skodol, {Andrew E.} and South, {Susan C.} and Matthew Sunderland and Waszczuk, {Monika A.} and Zald, {David H.} and Afzali, {Mohammad H.} and Bornovalova, {Marina A.} and Natacha Carragher and Docherty, {Anna R.} and Jonas, {Katherine G.} and Krueger, {Robert F.} and Praveetha Patalay and Pincus, {Aaron Lee} and Tackett, {Jennifer L.} and Ulrich Reininghaus and Waldman, {Irwin D.} and Wright, {Aidan G.C.} and Johannes Zimmermann and Bo Bach and Bagby, {R. Michael} and Michael Chmielewski and Cicero, {David C.} and Clark, {Lee Anna} and Tim Dalgleish and DeYoung, {Colin G.} and Hopwood, {Christopher J.} and Ivanova, {Masha Y.} and Latzman, {Robert D.} and Patrick, {Christopher J.} and Ruggero, {Camilo J.} and Samuel, {Douglas B.} and David Watson and Eaton, {Nicholas R.}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1745691618810696",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "419--436",
journal = "Perspectives on Psychological Science",
issn = "1745-6916",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

Conway, CC, Forbes, MK, Forbush, KT, Fried, EI, Hallquist, MN, Kotov, R, Mullins-Sweatt, SN, Shackman, AJ, Skodol, AE, South, SC, Sunderland, M, Waszczuk, MA, Zald, DH, Afzali, MH, Bornovalova, MA, Carragher, N, Docherty, AR, Jonas, KG, Krueger, RF, Patalay, P, Pincus, AL, Tackett, JL, Reininghaus, U, Waldman, ID, Wright, AGC, Zimmermann, J, Bach, B, Bagby, RM, Chmielewski, M, Cicero, DC, Clark, LA, Dalgleish, T, DeYoung, CG, Hopwood, CJ, Ivanova, MY, Latzman, RD, Patrick, CJ, Ruggero, CJ, Samuel, DB, Watson, D & Eaton, NR 2019, 'A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology Can Transform Mental Health Research', Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 419-436. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691618810696

A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology Can Transform Mental Health Research. / Conway, Christopher C.; Forbes, Miriam K.; Forbush, Kelsie T.; Fried, Eiko I.; Hallquist, Michael Nelson; Kotov, Roman; Mullins-Sweatt, Stephanie N.; Shackman, Alexander J.; Skodol, Andrew E.; South, Susan C.; Sunderland, Matthew; Waszczuk, Monika A.; Zald, David H.; Afzali, Mohammad H.; Bornovalova, Marina A.; Carragher, Natacha; Docherty, Anna R.; Jonas, Katherine G.; Krueger, Robert F.; Patalay, Praveetha; Pincus, Aaron Lee; Tackett, Jennifer L.; Reininghaus, Ulrich; Waldman, Irwin D.; Wright, Aidan G.C.; Zimmermann, Johannes; Bach, Bo; Bagby, R. Michael; Chmielewski, Michael; Cicero, David C.; Clark, Lee Anna; Dalgleish, Tim; DeYoung, Colin G.; Hopwood, Christopher J.; Ivanova, Masha Y.; Latzman, Robert D.; Patrick, Christopher J.; Ruggero, Camilo J.; Samuel, Douglas B.; Watson, David; Eaton, Nicholas R.

In: Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.05.2019, p. 419-436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology Can Transform Mental Health Research

AU - Conway, Christopher C.

AU - Forbes, Miriam K.

AU - Forbush, Kelsie T.

AU - Fried, Eiko I.

AU - Hallquist, Michael Nelson

AU - Kotov, Roman

AU - Mullins-Sweatt, Stephanie N.

AU - Shackman, Alexander J.

AU - Skodol, Andrew E.

AU - South, Susan C.

AU - Sunderland, Matthew

AU - Waszczuk, Monika A.

AU - Zald, David H.

AU - Afzali, Mohammad H.

AU - Bornovalova, Marina A.

AU - Carragher, Natacha

AU - Docherty, Anna R.

AU - Jonas, Katherine G.

AU - Krueger, Robert F.

AU - Patalay, Praveetha

AU - Pincus, Aaron Lee

AU - Tackett, Jennifer L.

AU - Reininghaus, Ulrich

AU - Waldman, Irwin D.

AU - Wright, Aidan G.C.

AU - Zimmermann, Johannes

AU - Bach, Bo

AU - Bagby, R. Michael

AU - Chmielewski, Michael

AU - Cicero, David C.

AU - Clark, Lee Anna

AU - Dalgleish, Tim

AU - DeYoung, Colin G.

AU - Hopwood, Christopher J.

AU - Ivanova, Masha Y.

AU - Latzman, Robert D.

AU - Patrick, Christopher J.

AU - Ruggero, Camilo J.

AU - Samuel, Douglas B.

AU - Watson, David

AU - Eaton, Nicholas R.

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - For more than a century, research on psychopathology has focused on categorical diagnoses. Although this work has produced major discoveries, growing evidence points to the superiority of a dimensional approach to the science of mental illness. Here we outline one such dimensional system—the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP)—that is based on empirical patterns of co-occurrence among psychological symptoms. We highlight key ways in which this framework can advance mental-health research, and we provide some heuristics for using HiTOP to test theories of psychopathology. We then review emerging evidence that supports the value of a hierarchical, dimensional model of mental illness across diverse research areas in psychological science. These new data suggest that the HiTOP system has the potential to accelerate and improve research on mental-health problems as well as efforts to more effectively assess, prevent, and treat mental illness.

AB - For more than a century, research on psychopathology has focused on categorical diagnoses. Although this work has produced major discoveries, growing evidence points to the superiority of a dimensional approach to the science of mental illness. Here we outline one such dimensional system—the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP)—that is based on empirical patterns of co-occurrence among psychological symptoms. We highlight key ways in which this framework can advance mental-health research, and we provide some heuristics for using HiTOP to test theories of psychopathology. We then review emerging evidence that supports the value of a hierarchical, dimensional model of mental illness across diverse research areas in psychological science. These new data suggest that the HiTOP system has the potential to accelerate and improve research on mental-health problems as well as efforts to more effectively assess, prevent, and treat mental illness.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062726633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062726633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1745691618810696

DO - 10.1177/1745691618810696

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 419

EP - 436

JO - Perspectives on Psychological Science

JF - Perspectives on Psychological Science

SN - 1745-6916

IS - 3

ER -