A high-precision chronology for two house features at an early village site on western Santa Cruz Island, California, USA

Christopher S. Jazwa, Lynn H. Gamble, Douglas J. Kennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We establish a high-precision radiocarbon chronology for 2 house depressions at CA-SCRI-333, a large prehistoric village on the western end of Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. SCRI-333 is a large mound composed of a shell midden with more than 50 house depressions evident across its surface. We develop a chronology of occupation and activity for 2 of these depressions (6 and 32) based on a stratified sequence of accelerator mass spectrometry 14C dates. Carbonized twig and marine shell (Mytilus californianus) samples were selected from well-defined stratigraphic sections. Analytical error for these measurements is ±20 14C yr. We use a Bayesian statistical framework to propose an age model for the deposition of 2 features that may be associated with house construction. These data indicated that the features were not contemporaneous and suggest that house construction may have been sequential during the site's occupation, a hypothesis that needs to be tested further. The methodologies used in this study have the potential to increase the chronological precision of household archaeology at SCRI-333, on the northern Channel Islands, and around the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-199
Number of pages15
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2013

Fingerprint

occupation
chronology
village
shell
midden
accelerator mass spectrometry
archaeology
methodology
Chronology
Village
household
world
Marine Shell
Methodology
Channel Islands
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
Mounds
Deposition
Household Archaeology
14C Dates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Archaeology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Jazwa, Christopher S. ; Gamble, Lynn H. ; Kennett, Douglas J. / A high-precision chronology for two house features at an early village site on western Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. In: Radiocarbon. 2013 ; Vol. 55, No. 1. pp. 185-199.
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A high-precision chronology for two house features at an early village site on western Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. / Jazwa, Christopher S.; Gamble, Lynn H.; Kennett, Douglas J.

In: Radiocarbon, Vol. 55, No. 1, 07.03.2013, p. 185-199.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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