A high-resolution atlas of uranium-neon in the H band

Stephen L. Redman, Gabriel G. Ycas, Ryan Terrien, Suvrath Mahadevan, Lawrence W. Ramsey, Chad F. Bender, Steven N. Osterman, Scott A. Diddams, Franklyn Quinlan, James E. Lawler, Gillian Nave

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Abstract

We present a high-resolution (R 50,000) atlas of a uranium-neon (U/Ne) hollow-cathode spectrum in the H band (1454-1638 nm) for the calibration of near-infrared spectrographs. We obtained this U/Ne spectrum simultaneously with a laser-frequency comb spectrum, which we used to provide a first-order calibration to the U/Ne spectrum. We then calibrated the U/Ne spectrum using the recently published uranium line list of Redman etal., which is derived from high-resolution Fourier transform spectrometer measurements. These two independent calibrations allowed us to easily identify emission lines in the hollow-cathode lamp that do not correspond to known (classified) lines of either uranium or neon, and to compare the achievable precision of each source. Our frequency comb precision was limited by modal noise and detector effects, while the U/Ne precision was limited primarily by the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of the observed emission lines and our ability to model blended lines. The standard deviation in the dispersion solution residuals from the S/N-limited U/Ne hollow-cathode lamp was 50% larger than the standard deviation of the dispersion solution residuals from the modal-noise-limited laser-frequency comb. We advocate the use of U/Ne lamps for precision calibration of near-infrared spectrographs, and this H-band atlas makes these lamps significantly easier to use for wavelength calibration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume199
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Redman, S. L., Ycas, G. G., Terrien, R., Mahadevan, S., Ramsey, L. W., Bender, C. F., Osterman, S. N., Diddams, S. A., Quinlan, F., Lawler, J. E., & Nave, G. (2012). A high-resolution atlas of uranium-neon in the H band. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 199(1), [2]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/199/1/2