Ultrasound has recently been utilized for efficient wireless power transmission (WPT) to biomedical implants with millimeter (mm) dimensions and below. However, the power transmission efficiency (PTE) of ultrasonic links reduces significantly in mediums with different acoustic impedances. This brief presents a hybrid inductive-ultrasonic WPT link for powering mm-sized implants that utilizes two cascaded co-optimized inductive and ultrasonic links for WPT through bone/air and tissue, respectively. The ultrasonic link is first optimized based on the implant depth (dus) and load (RL) to find the optimal geometries for ultrasonic transducers and operation frequency (fp). Then, the inductive link is optimized at fp to drive the transmitter (Tx) transducer. A hybrid link was optimized and measured to transfer power to a receiver (Rx) transducer with the diameter of 1.1 mm, loaded by RL of 2.5 kΩ and located at dus = 3 cm inside castor oil, as the tissue model. The Tx coil was placed in air and spaced from the Rx coil by 3 cm, resulting in a total powering distance (d) of 6 cm. At the optimal fp of 1.1 MHz, the hybrid link achieved a considerable measured PTE of 0.16%.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs|
|State||Published - Oct 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering