A joint analysis of BLAST 250-500μm and LABOCA 870μm observations in the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South

Edward L. Chapin, Scott C. Chapman, Kristen E. Coppin, Mark J. Devlin, James S. Dunlop, Thomas R. Greve, Mark Halpern, Matthew F. Hasselfield, David H. Hughes, Rob J. Ivison, Gaelen Marsden, Lorenzo Moncelsi, Calvin B. Netterfield, Enzo Pascale, Douglas Scott, Ian Smail, Marco Viero, Fabian Walter, Axel Weiss, Paul van der Werf

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Abstract

We present a joint analysis of the overlapping Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimetre Telescope (BLAST) 250, 350, 500μm, and LABOCA 870μm observations [from the LABOCA ECDFS Submm Survey (LESS) survey] of the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South. Out to z∼ 3, the BLAST filters sample near the peak wavelength of thermal far-infrared (FIR) emission from galaxies (rest-frame wavelengths ∼60-200μm), primarily produced by dust heated through absorption in star-forming clouds. However, identifying counterparts to individual BLAST peaks is very challenging, given the large beams [full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) 36-60arcsec]. In contrast, the ground-based 870μm observations have a significantly smaller 19arcsec FWHM beam, and are sensitive to higher redshifts (z∼ 1-5, and potentially beyond) due to the more favourable negative K-correction. We use the LESS data, as well as deep Spitzer and VLA imaging, to identify 118 individual sources that produce significant emission in the BLAST bands. We characterize the temperatures and FIR luminosities for a subset of 69 sources which have well-measured submillimetre (submm) spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and redshift measurements out to z∼ 3. For flux-limited sub-samples in each BLAST band, and a dust emissivity index β= 2.0, we find a median temperature T= 30K (all bands) as well as median redshifts: z= 1.1 (interquartile range 0.2-1.9) for S250 > 40mJy; z= 1.3 (interquartile range 0.6-2.1) for S350 > 30mJy; and z= 1.6 (interquartile range 1.3-2.3) for S500 > 20mJy. Taking into account the selection effects for our survey (a bias towards detecting lower-temperature galaxies), we find no evidence for evolution in the local FIR-temperature correlation out to z∼ 2.5. Comparing with star-forming galaxy SED templates, about 8 per cent of our sample appears to exhibit significant excesses in the radio and/or mid-IR, consistent with those sources harbouring active galactic nuclei (AGN). Since our statistical approach differs from most previous studies of submm galaxies, we describe the following techniques in two appendices: our 'matched filter' for identifying sources in the presence of point-source confusion; and our approach for identifying counterparts using likelihood ratios. This study is a direct precursor to future joint FIR/submm surveys, for which we outline a potential identification and SED measurement strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-549
Number of pages45
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume411
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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@article{5a20279b80dc466896ce2cab75b80d2e,
title = "A joint analysis of BLAST 250-500μm and LABOCA 870μm observations in the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South",
abstract = "We present a joint analysis of the overlapping Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimetre Telescope (BLAST) 250, 350, 500μm, and LABOCA 870μm observations [from the LABOCA ECDFS Submm Survey (LESS) survey] of the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South. Out to z∼ 3, the BLAST filters sample near the peak wavelength of thermal far-infrared (FIR) emission from galaxies (rest-frame wavelengths ∼60-200μm), primarily produced by dust heated through absorption in star-forming clouds. However, identifying counterparts to individual BLAST peaks is very challenging, given the large beams [full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) 36-60arcsec]. In contrast, the ground-based 870μm observations have a significantly smaller 19arcsec FWHM beam, and are sensitive to higher redshifts (z∼ 1-5, and potentially beyond) due to the more favourable negative K-correction. We use the LESS data, as well as deep Spitzer and VLA imaging, to identify 118 individual sources that produce significant emission in the BLAST bands. We characterize the temperatures and FIR luminosities for a subset of 69 sources which have well-measured submillimetre (submm) spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and redshift measurements out to z∼ 3. For flux-limited sub-samples in each BLAST band, and a dust emissivity index β= 2.0, we find a median temperature T= 30K (all bands) as well as median redshifts: z= 1.1 (interquartile range 0.2-1.9) for S250 > 40mJy; z= 1.3 (interquartile range 0.6-2.1) for S350 > 30mJy; and z= 1.6 (interquartile range 1.3-2.3) for S500 > 20mJy. Taking into account the selection effects for our survey (a bias towards detecting lower-temperature galaxies), we find no evidence for evolution in the local FIR-temperature correlation out to z∼ 2.5. Comparing with star-forming galaxy SED templates, about 8 per cent of our sample appears to exhibit significant excesses in the radio and/or mid-IR, consistent with those sources harbouring active galactic nuclei (AGN). Since our statistical approach differs from most previous studies of submm galaxies, we describe the following techniques in two appendices: our 'matched filter' for identifying sources in the presence of point-source confusion; and our approach for identifying counterparts using likelihood ratios. This study is a direct precursor to future joint FIR/submm surveys, for which we outline a potential identification and SED measurement strategy.",
author = "Chapin, {Edward L.} and Chapman, {Scott C.} and Coppin, {Kristen E.} and Devlin, {Mark J.} and Dunlop, {James S.} and Greve, {Thomas R.} and Mark Halpern and Hasselfield, {Matthew F.} and Hughes, {David H.} and Ivison, {Rob J.} and Gaelen Marsden and Lorenzo Moncelsi and Netterfield, {Calvin B.} and Enzo Pascale and Douglas Scott and Ian Smail and Marco Viero and Fabian Walter and Axel Weiss and {van der Werf}, Paul",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17697.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "411",
pages = "505--549",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}