This chapter summarizes the recent behavioural ecological investigations into prehistoric work in California. It draws on the Ideal Free Distribution (IFD) model to examine the processes through which individuals decide where to settle to make a living. The chapter draws on the Prey Choice Model (PCM) to examine the decisions individuals make in the process of acquiring their next meal. Recently, Winterhalder et al. used the IFD to model the colonization of Santa Barbara’s Northern Channel Islands. At larger spatial scales, this same IFD logic can be used to generate predictions about the colonization of whole continents. Plants, and the technologies associated with processing plants, are the most obvious marker of increasing handling costs. Data on foraging return rates throughout the world typically show that animal resources are generally higher ranked than plant resources. Because post-encounter return rates cannot be measured directly with archaeological data, researchers have come to rely on proxy measures of prey rank.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences(all)
- Arts and Humanities(all)