A Large Database Analysis of Rates of Aneurysm Screening, Elective Treatment, and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease

D. Andrew Wilkinson, James F. Burke, Jeffrey L. Nadel, Cormac O. Maher, Neeraj Chaudhary, Joseph J. Gemmete, Michael Heung, B. Gregory Thompson, Aditya S. Pandey

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Professional societies provide conflicting guidelines on aneurysm screening in patients with polycystic kidney disease (PKD), and the rate of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate screening, elective treatment, and the rate of SAH in patients with known PKD. METHODS: We examined longitudinally linked claims data from a large private insurer, identifying screening, elective treatment, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and secured aneurysmal SAH (saSAH) in 2004 to 2014 amongst patients with known PKD. RESULTS: We identified 20 704 patients diagnosed with PKD. Among patients with an initial PKD diagnosis, 51/446 (15.9%) underwent angiographic screening within 2 yr. Forty aneurysms were treated electively in 48 868 yr at risk in PKD patients (82/100K patient yr, 95% confidence interval [CI] 60-112) vs 24 elective treatments in 349 861 yr at risk in age- and sex-matched controls (7/100K patient yr, 95% CI 5-10, P <. 0001). Eleven admissions for aSAH were identified in PKD patients (23/100K patient yr, 95% CI 13-41) and 22 admissions for aSAH in controls (6/100K patient yr, 95% CI 4-10), giving an incidence rate ratio (IRR) of 3.6 (95% CI 1.7-7.4, P <. 0001) and a comorbidity-adjusted IRR of 3.1 (95% CI 1.4-6.9). The incidence of saSAH was proportionally even higher in PKD patients than controls, 16 vs 2/100K patient years, IRR 9.5 (95% CI 3.3-27.5, P <. 0001). CONCLUSION: Screening in PKD is performed only selectively, though resulting rates of elective treatment were over 10× those of controls. Despite screening and treatment, the rate of SAH remains significantly elevated over that of controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E266-E274
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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