BACKGROUND: Professional societies provide conflicting guidelines on aneurysm screening in patients with polycystic kidney disease (PKD), and the rate of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate screening, elective treatment, and the rate of SAH in patients with known PKD. METHODS: We examined longitudinally linked claims data from a large private insurer, identifying screening, elective treatment, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and secured aneurysmal SAH (saSAH) in 2004 to 2014 amongst patients with known PKD. RESULTS: We identified 20 704 patients diagnosed with PKD. Among patients with an initial PKD diagnosis, 51/446 (15.9%) underwent angiographic screening within 2 yr. Forty aneurysms were treated electively in 48 868 yr at risk in PKD patients (82/100K patient yr, 95% confidence interval [CI] 60-112) vs 24 elective treatments in 349 861 yr at risk in age- and sex-matched controls (7/100K patient yr, 95% CI 5-10, P <. 0001). Eleven admissions for aSAH were identified in PKD patients (23/100K patient yr, 95% CI 13-41) and 22 admissions for aSAH in controls (6/100K patient yr, 95% CI 4-10), giving an incidence rate ratio (IRR) of 3.6 (95% CI 1.7-7.4, P <. 0001) and a comorbidity-adjusted IRR of 3.1 (95% CI 1.4-6.9). The incidence of saSAH was proportionally even higher in PKD patients than controls, 16 vs 2/100K patient years, IRR 9.5 (95% CI 3.3-27.5, P <. 0001). CONCLUSION: Screening in PKD is performed only selectively, though resulting rates of elective treatment were over 10× those of controls. Despite screening and treatment, the rate of SAH remains significantly elevated over that of controls.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology