A Learning-Guided Hierarchical Approach for Biomedical Image Segmentation

Huaipan Jiang, Anup Sarma, Jihyun Ryoo, Jagadish B. Kotra, Meena Arunachalam, Chita R. Das, Mahmut T. Kandemir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In recent years, deep convolutional networks have been widely used for a variety of visual recognition tasks, including biomedical applications. In most studies related to biomedical domain (e.g., cell tracking), the first step is to perform symmetric segmentation on target images. Such image datasets have usually the following challenges: (1) they lack human labeled training data, (2) the locations of the objects in images are as equally important as classifying them, and (3) the result accuracy is more critical than that in traditional image segmentation. To address these problems, recent studies employ large deep neural networks to perform segmentation on biomedical images. However, such neural network approaches are very compute intensive due to the high resolution and large quantity of electron microscopy data. Additionally, some of the efforts that make use of neural network models involve redundancy as target biomedical images usually contain smaller regions of interest. Motivated by these observations, in this paper, we propose and experimentally evaluate a more efficient framework, especially suited for image segmentation on embedded systems. This approach involves first 'tiling' the target image, followed by processing the tiles that only contain an object of interest in a hierarchical fashion. Our detailed experimental evaluations using four different datasets indicate that our tiling-based approach can save about 61% of execution time on average, while achieving, at the same time, a slightly higher accuracy compared to the baseline (state of the art) approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 31st IEEE International System on Chip Conference, SOCC 2018
EditorsMircea Stan, Karan Bhatia, Helen Li, Ramalingam Sridhar, Massimo Alioto
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages124-129
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538614907
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2019
Event31st IEEE International System on Chip Conference, SOCC 2018 - Arlington, United States
Duration: Sep 4 2018Sep 7 2018

Publication series

NameInternational System on Chip Conference
Volume2018-September
ISSN (Print)2164-1676
ISSN (Electronic)2164-1706

Conference

Conference31st IEEE International System on Chip Conference, SOCC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityArlington
Period9/4/189/7/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Jiang, H., Sarma, A., Ryoo, J., Kotra, J. B., Arunachalam, M., Das, C. R., & Kandemir, M. T. (2019). A Learning-Guided Hierarchical Approach for Biomedical Image Segmentation. In M. Stan, K. Bhatia, H. Li, R. Sridhar, & M. Alioto (Eds.), Proceedings - 31st IEEE International System on Chip Conference, SOCC 2018 (pp. 124-129). [8618537] (International System on Chip Conference; Vol. 2018-September). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/SOCC.2018.8618537