A Longitudinal Examination of Maternal Emotions in Relation to Young Children's Developing Self-Regulation

Pamela Marie Cole, Emily N. LeDonne, Patricia Z. Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. This study examines how young children's emotion and behavior relate to maternal emotions concurrently and as a function of children's developmental changes in self-regulation. Design. Mothers and their children (N = 120) participated in an 8-min waiting task at children's ages 18, 24, 36, and 48 months. Children's emotion expressions, misbehavior, and regulatory efforts were observed, and mothers rated their own emotions during the wait. Results. Children's emotion and behavior and maternal emotions related in expected directions at most time points. Over time, maternal positive emotion increased more if children were less angry, more content, or more engaged in regulatory efforts relative to age mates. Maternal negative emotion decreased more if children engaged more in regulatory efforts but less if children were angrier relative to age mates. Conclusions. Individual differences in children's emotions may influence parental emotions. Over time, only the intra-individual decline in children's anger, not the decrease in their misbehavior or the increase in their regulatory efforts, predicted improvements in maternal emotions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-132
Number of pages20
JournalParenting
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

Fingerprint

self-regulation
Emotions
emotion
Mothers
examination
Child Behavior
Self-Control
Anger
anger
Individuality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

@article{af373b75e80045a6aeef5aa877838d22,
title = "A Longitudinal Examination of Maternal Emotions in Relation to Young Children's Developing Self-Regulation",
abstract = "Objective. This study examines how young children's emotion and behavior relate to maternal emotions concurrently and as a function of children's developmental changes in self-regulation. Design. Mothers and their children (N = 120) participated in an 8-min waiting task at children's ages 18, 24, 36, and 48 months. Children's emotion expressions, misbehavior, and regulatory efforts were observed, and mothers rated their own emotions during the wait. Results. Children's emotion and behavior and maternal emotions related in expected directions at most time points. Over time, maternal positive emotion increased more if children were less angry, more content, or more engaged in regulatory efforts relative to age mates. Maternal negative emotion decreased more if children engaged more in regulatory efforts but less if children were angrier relative to age mates. Conclusions. Individual differences in children's emotions may influence parental emotions. Over time, only the intra-individual decline in children's anger, not the decrease in their misbehavior or the increase in their regulatory efforts, predicted improvements in maternal emotions.",
author = "Cole, {Pamela Marie} and LeDonne, {Emily N.} and Tan, {Patricia Z.}",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15295192.2012.709152",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "113--132",
journal = "Parenting",
issn = "1529-5192",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "2",

}

A Longitudinal Examination of Maternal Emotions in Relation to Young Children's Developing Self-Regulation. / Cole, Pamela Marie; LeDonne, Emily N.; Tan, Patricia Z.

In: Parenting, Vol. 13, No. 2, 01.04.2013, p. 113-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Longitudinal Examination of Maternal Emotions in Relation to Young Children's Developing Self-Regulation

AU - Cole, Pamela Marie

AU - LeDonne, Emily N.

AU - Tan, Patricia Z.

PY - 2013/4/1

Y1 - 2013/4/1

N2 - Objective. This study examines how young children's emotion and behavior relate to maternal emotions concurrently and as a function of children's developmental changes in self-regulation. Design. Mothers and their children (N = 120) participated in an 8-min waiting task at children's ages 18, 24, 36, and 48 months. Children's emotion expressions, misbehavior, and regulatory efforts were observed, and mothers rated their own emotions during the wait. Results. Children's emotion and behavior and maternal emotions related in expected directions at most time points. Over time, maternal positive emotion increased more if children were less angry, more content, or more engaged in regulatory efforts relative to age mates. Maternal negative emotion decreased more if children engaged more in regulatory efforts but less if children were angrier relative to age mates. Conclusions. Individual differences in children's emotions may influence parental emotions. Over time, only the intra-individual decline in children's anger, not the decrease in their misbehavior or the increase in their regulatory efforts, predicted improvements in maternal emotions.

AB - Objective. This study examines how young children's emotion and behavior relate to maternal emotions concurrently and as a function of children's developmental changes in self-regulation. Design. Mothers and their children (N = 120) participated in an 8-min waiting task at children's ages 18, 24, 36, and 48 months. Children's emotion expressions, misbehavior, and regulatory efforts were observed, and mothers rated their own emotions during the wait. Results. Children's emotion and behavior and maternal emotions related in expected directions at most time points. Over time, maternal positive emotion increased more if children were less angry, more content, or more engaged in regulatory efforts relative to age mates. Maternal negative emotion decreased more if children engaged more in regulatory efforts but less if children were angrier relative to age mates. Conclusions. Individual differences in children's emotions may influence parental emotions. Over time, only the intra-individual decline in children's anger, not the decrease in their misbehavior or the increase in their regulatory efforts, predicted improvements in maternal emotions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873635505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84873635505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15295192.2012.709152

DO - 10.1080/15295192.2012.709152

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84873635505

VL - 13

SP - 113

EP - 132

JO - Parenting

JF - Parenting

SN - 1529-5192

IS - 2

ER -