A Low-Power Tunable Frequency Selective Surface for Multiplexed Remote Sensing

Ronald P. Jenkins, Micah D. Gregory, Len Cardillo, Benjamin R. Bunes, Sawyer D. Campbell, Pingjuan L. Werner, Douglas H. Werner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this interdisciplinary work, a low-power varactor-tunable frequency selective surface is presented for use with a multiplexed remote sensor system. Combined with a low power sensor and control system, voltage biasing of the proposed frequency selective surface panel can be used to modulate the center frequency of a reflection peak, which in turn may be detected by remote interrogation through a radar system. The control board and frequency selective surface were found to draw only 200μA of current during typical operation from two 3V CR2032 button batteries, enabling continuous operation for weeks at a time (even longer if operated in wake-up mode) when used in conjunction with a suitably low power sensor. Centered at 3 GHz, the backscatter peak can be modulated across a range of 200 MHz, and the combined system was shown to successfully differentiate between various concentrations of ammonia under test conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9393901
Pages (from-to)58478-58486
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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