A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage

H. M. El-Mashad, Ruihong Zhang, T. Rumsey, S. Hafner, Felipe Montes, Clarence Alan Rotz, V. Arteaga, Y. Zhao, F. M. Mitloehner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage was developed and validated. The model was developed based on data from wind tunnel experiments, conducted at different temperatures and air velocities. Multiple regression analysis was used to derive an equation that related the effective mass transfer coefficient (KL) to temperature and air velocity. Validation of the model was done using data collected from experiments conducted in a controlled environmental chamber. Ethanol emissions were determined by measuring ethanol concentration in the environmental chamber exhaust over a 24 hour period using a photoacoustic gas analyzer. Silage ethanol concentration was also monitored throughout the duration of the experiment. Predicted ethanol emission rates were strongly correlated (R2 = 0.94) with measured values in the environmental chamber. A high correlation (R 2 = 0.96) was also found between predicted and measured ethanol concentrations in the silage. The model was used to estimate ethanol emission rates from thin layers of loose silage under selected weather conditions of a California dairy farm. Model predictions indicate that over 95% of the ethanol present in silage could be emitted in the first 8 hours after exposing the silage to ambient air temperature (18 to 35°C) and air velocity (0.1 to 2.0 m/s).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
Pages107-114
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
EventInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010 - Dallas, TX, United States
Duration: Sep 13 2010Sep 16 2010

Publication series

NameASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
CountryUnited States
CityDallas, TX
Period9/13/109/16/10

Fingerprint

Silage
silage
corn silage
mass transfer
Zea mays
ethanol
Ethanol
Mass transfer
maize
Environmental chambers
Air
air
Temperature
Photoacoustic effect
Dairies
ecological value
experiment
wind tunnels
Experiments
model validation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

El-Mashad, H. M., Zhang, R., Rumsey, T., Hafner, S., Montes, F., Rotz, C. A., ... Mitloehner, F. M. (2010). A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage. In ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010 (pp. 107-114). (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).
El-Mashad, H. M. ; Zhang, Ruihong ; Rumsey, T. ; Hafner, S. ; Montes, Felipe ; Rotz, Clarence Alan ; Arteaga, V. ; Zhao, Y. ; Mitloehner, F. M. / A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage. ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. 2010. pp. 107-114 (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).
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abstract = "A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage was developed and validated. The model was developed based on data from wind tunnel experiments, conducted at different temperatures and air velocities. Multiple regression analysis was used to derive an equation that related the effective mass transfer coefficient (KL) to temperature and air velocity. Validation of the model was done using data collected from experiments conducted in a controlled environmental chamber. Ethanol emissions were determined by measuring ethanol concentration in the environmental chamber exhaust over a 24 hour period using a photoacoustic gas analyzer. Silage ethanol concentration was also monitored throughout the duration of the experiment. Predicted ethanol emission rates were strongly correlated (R2 = 0.94) with measured values in the environmental chamber. A high correlation (R 2 = 0.96) was also found between predicted and measured ethanol concentrations in the silage. The model was used to estimate ethanol emission rates from thin layers of loose silage under selected weather conditions of a California dairy farm. Model predictions indicate that over 95{\%} of the ethanol present in silage could be emitted in the first 8 hours after exposing the silage to ambient air temperature (18 to 35°C) and air velocity (0.1 to 2.0 m/s).",
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El-Mashad, HM, Zhang, R, Rumsey, T, Hafner, S, Montes, F, Rotz, CA, Arteaga, V, Zhao, Y & Mitloehner, FM 2010, A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage. in ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010, pp. 107-114, International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010, Dallas, TX, United States, 9/13/10.

A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage. / El-Mashad, H. M.; Zhang, Ruihong; Rumsey, T.; Hafner, S.; Montes, Felipe; Rotz, Clarence Alan; Arteaga, V.; Zhao, Y.; Mitloehner, F. M.

ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. 2010. p. 107-114 (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Rotz, Clarence Alan

AU - Arteaga, V.

AU - Zhao, Y.

AU - Mitloehner, F. M.

PY - 2010/12/1

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AB - A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage was developed and validated. The model was developed based on data from wind tunnel experiments, conducted at different temperatures and air velocities. Multiple regression analysis was used to derive an equation that related the effective mass transfer coefficient (KL) to temperature and air velocity. Validation of the model was done using data collected from experiments conducted in a controlled environmental chamber. Ethanol emissions were determined by measuring ethanol concentration in the environmental chamber exhaust over a 24 hour period using a photoacoustic gas analyzer. Silage ethanol concentration was also monitored throughout the duration of the experiment. Predicted ethanol emission rates were strongly correlated (R2 = 0.94) with measured values in the environmental chamber. A high correlation (R 2 = 0.96) was also found between predicted and measured ethanol concentrations in the silage. The model was used to estimate ethanol emission rates from thin layers of loose silage under selected weather conditions of a California dairy farm. Model predictions indicate that over 95% of the ethanol present in silage could be emitted in the first 8 hours after exposing the silage to ambient air temperature (18 to 35°C) and air velocity (0.1 to 2.0 m/s).

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M3 - Conference contribution

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BT - ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010

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El-Mashad HM, Zhang R, Rumsey T, Hafner S, Montes F, Rotz CA et al. A mass transfer model of ethanol emission from thin layers of corn silage. In ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010. 2010. p. 107-114. (ASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010).