A meta-analysis of children's memories for own-sex and other-sex information

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gender schema theories predict that memories will be biased toward information associated with one's own sex. Meta-analyses were performed on the association between a child's sex and memories for (1) items depicting stereotypically masculine and feminine actions, characteristics, or objects, and (2) male and female characters. Same-sex biases were evident in memories for masculine and feminine items, especially after a delay and when the memory task was recall, and in memories for male and female characters. The same-sex bias in memory for male characters was larger when the characters were not engaged in gender-stereotyped activities. The implications of these results for gender schema theories and for the preparation of educational materials are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)429-445
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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Meta-Analysis
Sexism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

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A meta-analysis of children's memories for own-sex and other-sex information. / Signorella, Margaret L.; Bigler, Rebecca S.; Liben, Lynn Susan.

In: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 3, 01.01.1997, p. 429-445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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