A meta-analysis of team-efficacy, potency, and performance: Interdependence and level of analysis as moderators of observed relationships

Stanley M. Gully, Kara A. Incalcaterra, Aparna Joshi, J. Matthew Beaubien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

631 Scopus citations

Abstract

Meta-amanalytic techniques were used to examine level of analysis and interdependence as moderators of observed relationships between task-specific team-efficacy, generalized potency, and performance. Sixty-seven empirical studies yielding 256 effect sizes were identified and meta-analyzed. Results demonstrated that relationships are moderated by level of analysis. Effect sizes were stronger at the team level (ρ = .39) than at the individual level (ρ = .20). At the team level, both team-efficacy and potency had positive relationships with performance (ρs = .41 and .37, respectively). Interdependence significantly moderated the relationship between team-efficacy and performance, but not between potency and performance. The relationship between team-efficacy and performance was stronger when interdependence was high (ρ = .45) than when it was low (ρ = .34).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-832
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume87
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology

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