A method for preparation and cleaning of uniformly sized arsenopyrite particles

Hariprasad Parthasarathy, John P. Baltrus, David A. Dzombak, Athanasios Karamalidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The oxidative dissolution of sulfide minerals, such as arsenopyrite (FeAsS), is of critical importance in many geochemical systems. A comprehensive understanding of their dissolution rates entails careful preparation of the mineral surface. Measurements of dissolution rates of arsenic from arsenopyrite are dependent on the size and degree of oxidation of its particles, among other factors. In this work, a method was developed for preparation and cleaning of arsenopyrite particles with size range of 150-250 μm. Four different cleaning methods were evaluated for effectiveness based on the removal of oxidized species of iron (Fe), arsenic (As) and sulfur (S) from the surface. The percentage oxidation of the surface was determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and surface stoichiometry was measured using scanning electron microscopy - energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). Results: Results indicate that sonicating the arsenopyrite particles and then cleaning them with 12N HCl followed by 50% ethanol, and drying in nitrogen was the most effective method. This method was successful in greatly reducing the oxide species of Fe while completely removing oxides of As and S from the arsenopyrite surface. Conclusions: Although sonication and acid cleaning have been widely used for mineral preparation, the method described in this study can significantly reduce grain size heterogeneity as well as surface oxidation, which enables greater control in surface and dissolution experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14
JournalGeochemical Transactions
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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arsenopyrite
Cleaning
Dissolution
Arsenic
dissolution
arsenic
oxidation
Oxidation
Oxides
X-ray spectroscopy
Minerals
mineral
oxide
Sulfide minerals
Sonication
stoichiometry
method
particle
Sulfur
Stoichiometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Parthasarathy, Hariprasad ; Baltrus, John P. ; Dzombak, David A. ; Karamalidis, Athanasios. / A method for preparation and cleaning of uniformly sized arsenopyrite particles. In: Geochemical Transactions. 2014 ; Vol. 15, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: The oxidative dissolution of sulfide minerals, such as arsenopyrite (FeAsS), is of critical importance in many geochemical systems. A comprehensive understanding of their dissolution rates entails careful preparation of the mineral surface. Measurements of dissolution rates of arsenic from arsenopyrite are dependent on the size and degree of oxidation of its particles, among other factors. In this work, a method was developed for preparation and cleaning of arsenopyrite particles with size range of 150-250 μm. Four different cleaning methods were evaluated for effectiveness based on the removal of oxidized species of iron (Fe), arsenic (As) and sulfur (S) from the surface. The percentage oxidation of the surface was determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and surface stoichiometry was measured using scanning electron microscopy - energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). Results: Results indicate that sonicating the arsenopyrite particles and then cleaning them with 12N HCl followed by 50{\%} ethanol, and drying in nitrogen was the most effective method. This method was successful in greatly reducing the oxide species of Fe while completely removing oxides of As and S from the arsenopyrite surface. Conclusions: Although sonication and acid cleaning have been widely used for mineral preparation, the method described in this study can significantly reduce grain size heterogeneity as well as surface oxidation, which enables greater control in surface and dissolution experiments.",
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A method for preparation and cleaning of uniformly sized arsenopyrite particles. / Parthasarathy, Hariprasad; Baltrus, John P.; Dzombak, David A.; Karamalidis, Athanasios.

In: Geochemical Transactions, Vol. 15, No. 1, 14, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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