The scattering of helicopter rotor noise by the fuselage has not been a focal point of previous noise prediction studies. A new approach is presented that uses an advanced rotor noise prediction code PSU-WOPWOP coupled with NASA's Fast Scattering Code (FSC) to calculate the scattered noise field. The FSC uses the acoustic pressure and pressure gradient, supplied by PSU-WOPWOP at a specific frequency, to predict the manner in which helicopter bodies scatter noise. Representative Eurocopter BO-105 and notional heavy lift quad tiltrotor cases are studied. The frequencies in each case are chosen such that the wavelength of the incident noise is comparable to the characteristic size of the scattering body. Significant tail rotor scattering was observed on an observer plane below the configuration. Significant scattering was found on a plane beneath the configuration when the notional quad tiltrotor body was in the plane of the rotors. When the fuselage was lowered so that the inplane noise did not impinge upon the fuselage, little scattering was observed. All cases demonstrate the potential importance of acoustic scattering by the rotorcraft fuselage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Aerospace Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering