A Model System for Studying the Bioavailability of Intestinally Administered Microcystin‐LR, A Hepatotoxic Peptide from the Cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa

Andrew M. Dahlem, Aslam S. Hassan, Steven P. Swanson, Wayne W. Carmichael, Val Richard Beasley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: Sprague‐Dawley rats were used to evaluate a model system for studying the hepatotoxicity caused by microcystin‐LR (MCYST‐LR), a toxin produced by the cyanobacterium (blue‐green alga) Microcystis aeruginosa, and for evaluating the in vivo therapeutic potential of cholestyramine resin (CTR) which was found to bind the toxin in vitro. Female rats were treated with either toxin or an equivalent volume of the saline vehicle by direct administration into the lumen of an in situ isolated ileal loop. Male rats were dosed with toxin as described above, and then animals were dosed in the ileal loop with either cholestyramine resin (CTR, 50 mg/rat) or an equivalent vehicle. The survivors in both studies were killed six hours after dosing and hepatotoxicity was assessed by change in relative liver weights. In all groups given toxin alone, there was a significant increase in liver weight and males and females were equally susceptible. Liver weights of the toxin plus CTR treated rats were similar to those in vehicle‐treated rats. When the toxin was administered into a similarly isolated jejunal loop, liver weight was significantly less than that found when an equivalent dose was administered into the ileal loop suggesting an intestinal site specificity for toxin absorption. 1989 Nordic Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-181
Number of pages5
JournalPharmacology & Toxicology
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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