A multiphase model for cold start of polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Leng Mao, Chao-yang Wang, Yuichiro Tabuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A multiphase and transient model is presented to describe transport and electrochemical processes with ice formation during startup of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) from subzero temperatures. The model accounts for ice/frost precipitation and growth in the cathode catalyst layer (CL) and gas diffusion layer, water transport at very low temperatures, heat transfer with phase transition, oxygen transport, electrochemical kinetics, and their mutual interactions. The governing equations of mass, momentum, species, heat, and charge transport under cold-start conditions are developed in a single-domain framework and solved by a finite-volume-based computational fluid-dynamics technique. Validated by extensive experimental data, this computational model is used to predict PEFC cold-start performance as well as to reveal 3D distributions of current density, temperature, membrane water content and ice fraction in the CL. Effects of startup current density and membrane thickness are numerically explored to illustrate the utility of the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume154
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2007

Fingerprint

Electrolytes
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Polymers
Ice
electrolytes
polymers
ice
Current density
subzero temperature
current density
membranes
Membranes
catalysts
frost
ice formation
Catalysts
gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
Precipitation (meteorology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "A multiphase and transient model is presented to describe transport and electrochemical processes with ice formation during startup of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) from subzero temperatures. The model accounts for ice/frost precipitation and growth in the cathode catalyst layer (CL) and gas diffusion layer, water transport at very low temperatures, heat transfer with phase transition, oxygen transport, electrochemical kinetics, and their mutual interactions. The governing equations of mass, momentum, species, heat, and charge transport under cold-start conditions are developed in a single-domain framework and solved by a finite-volume-based computational fluid-dynamics technique. Validated by extensive experimental data, this computational model is used to predict PEFC cold-start performance as well as to reveal 3D distributions of current density, temperature, membrane water content and ice fraction in the CL. Effects of startup current density and membrane thickness are numerically explored to illustrate the utility of the model.",
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A multiphase model for cold start of polymer electrolyte fuel cells. / Mao, Leng; Wang, Chao-yang; Tabuchi, Yuichiro.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 154, No. 3, 19.02.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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