A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement

David S. Yeager, Paul Hanselman, Gregory M. Walton, Jared S. Murray, Robert Crosnoe, Chandra Muller, Elizabeth Tipton, Barbara Schneider, Chris S. Hulleman, Cintia P. Hinojosa, David Paunesku, Carissa Romero, Kate Flint, Alice Roberts, Jill Trott, Ronaldo Iachan, Jenny Buontempo, Sophia Man Yang, Carlos M. Carvalho, P. Richard HahnMaithreyi Gopalan, Pratik Mhatre, Ronald Ferguson, Angela L. Duckworth, Carol S. Dweck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A global priority for the behavioural sciences is to develop cost-effective, scalable interventions that could improve the academic outcomes of adolescents at a population level, but no such interventions have so far been evaluated in a population-generalizable sample. Here we show that a short (less than one hour), online growth mindset intervention—which teaches that intellectual abilities can be developed—improved grades among lower-achieving students and increased overall enrolment to advanced mathematics courses in a nationally representative sample of students in secondary education in the United States. Notably, the study identified school contexts that sustained the effects of the growth mindset intervention: the intervention changed grades when peer norms aligned with the messages of the intervention. Confidence in the conclusions of this study comes from independent data collection and processing, pre-registration of analyses, and corroboration of results by a blinded Bayesian analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-369
Number of pages6
JournalNature
Volume573
Issue number7774
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2019

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experiment
behavioral science
demographic situation
secondary education
student
confidence
mathematics
adolescent
ability
costs
school

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Yeager, D. S., Hanselman, P., Walton, G. M., Murray, J. S., Crosnoe, R., Muller, C., ... Dweck, C. S. (2019). A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement. Nature, 573(7774), 364-369. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1466-y
Yeager, David S. ; Hanselman, Paul ; Walton, Gregory M. ; Murray, Jared S. ; Crosnoe, Robert ; Muller, Chandra ; Tipton, Elizabeth ; Schneider, Barbara ; Hulleman, Chris S. ; Hinojosa, Cintia P. ; Paunesku, David ; Romero, Carissa ; Flint, Kate ; Roberts, Alice ; Trott, Jill ; Iachan, Ronaldo ; Buontempo, Jenny ; Yang, Sophia Man ; Carvalho, Carlos M. ; Hahn, P. Richard ; Gopalan, Maithreyi ; Mhatre, Pratik ; Ferguson, Ronald ; Duckworth, Angela L. ; Dweck, Carol S. / A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement. In: Nature. 2019 ; Vol. 573, No. 7774. pp. 364-369.
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Yeager, DS, Hanselman, P, Walton, GM, Murray, JS, Crosnoe, R, Muller, C, Tipton, E, Schneider, B, Hulleman, CS, Hinojosa, CP, Paunesku, D, Romero, C, Flint, K, Roberts, A, Trott, J, Iachan, R, Buontempo, J, Yang, SM, Carvalho, CM, Hahn, PR, Gopalan, M, Mhatre, P, Ferguson, R, Duckworth, AL & Dweck, CS 2019, 'A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement', Nature, vol. 573, no. 7774, pp. 364-369. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1466-y

A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement. / Yeager, David S.; Hanselman, Paul; Walton, Gregory M.; Murray, Jared S.; Crosnoe, Robert; Muller, Chandra; Tipton, Elizabeth; Schneider, Barbara; Hulleman, Chris S.; Hinojosa, Cintia P.; Paunesku, David; Romero, Carissa; Flint, Kate; Roberts, Alice; Trott, Jill; Iachan, Ronaldo; Buontempo, Jenny; Yang, Sophia Man; Carvalho, Carlos M.; Hahn, P. Richard; Gopalan, Maithreyi; Mhatre, Pratik; Ferguson, Ronald; Duckworth, Angela L.; Dweck, Carol S.

In: Nature, Vol. 573, No. 7774, 19.09.2019, p. 364-369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Yeager, David S.

AU - Hanselman, Paul

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AU - Murray, Jared S.

AU - Crosnoe, Robert

AU - Muller, Chandra

AU - Tipton, Elizabeth

AU - Schneider, Barbara

AU - Hulleman, Chris S.

AU - Hinojosa, Cintia P.

AU - Paunesku, David

AU - Romero, Carissa

AU - Flint, Kate

AU - Roberts, Alice

AU - Trott, Jill

AU - Iachan, Ronaldo

AU - Buontempo, Jenny

AU - Yang, Sophia Man

AU - Carvalho, Carlos M.

AU - Hahn, P. Richard

AU - Gopalan, Maithreyi

AU - Mhatre, Pratik

AU - Ferguson, Ronald

AU - Duckworth, Angela L.

AU - Dweck, Carol S.

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Yeager DS, Hanselman P, Walton GM, Murray JS, Crosnoe R, Muller C et al. A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement. Nature. 2019 Sep 19;573(7774):364-369. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1466-y