A near-infrared spectroscopic survey of 886 nearby M dwarfs

Ryan C. Terrien, Suvrath Mahadevan, Rohit Deshpande, Chad F. Bender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a catalog of near-infrared (NIR) spectra and associated measurements for 886 nearby M dwarfs. The spectra were obtained with the NASA-Infrared Telescope Facility SpeX Spectrograph during a two-year observing campaign; they have high signal-to-noise ratios (S/N > 100-150), span 0.8-2.4 μm, and have Our catalog of measured values contains useful Teff and composition-sensitive features, empirical stellar parameter measurements, and kinematic, photometric, and astrometric properties compiled from the literature. We focus on measurements of M dwarf abundances ([Fe/H] and [M/H]), capitalizing on the precision of recently published empirical NIR spectroscopic calibrations. We explore systematic differences between different abundance calibrations, and from other similar M dwarf catalogs. We confirm that the M dwarf abundances we measure show the expected inverse dependence with kinematic-, activity-, and color-based age indicators. Finally, we provide updated [Fe/H] and [M/H] for 16 M dwarf planet hosts. This catalog represents the largest published compilation of NIR spectra and associated parameters for M dwarfs. It provides a rich and uniform resource for nearby M dwarfs, and will be especially valuable for measuring Habitable Zone locations and comparative abundances of the M dwarf planet hosts that will be uncovered by upcoming exoplanet surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume220
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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catalogs
near infrared
dwarf planets
infrared spectra
kinematics
planet
calibration
infrared telescopes
extrasolar planets
signal-to-noise ratio
spectrographs
resources
signal to noise ratios
color
resource
parameter

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Terrien, Ryan C. ; Mahadevan, Suvrath ; Deshpande, Rohit ; Bender, Chad F. / A near-infrared spectroscopic survey of 886 nearby M dwarfs. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2015 ; Vol. 220, No. 1.
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A near-infrared spectroscopic survey of 886 nearby M dwarfs. / Terrien, Ryan C.; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Deshpande, Rohit; Bender, Chad F.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 220, No. 1, 16, 01.09.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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