A new method for measuring the effective complex relative permittivity of a reflecting surface is presented. The approach is based on the two-ray model. We derive an equation of a circle representing the complex reflection coefficient which relates the incidence angle, frequency, and received power from the path gain using the two-ray model. The intersection point of three such circles at different heights, while maintaining the same incidence angle, yields the correct complex reflection coefficient value. By measuring the received power for both the vertical and horizontal polarizations, the relative permittivity of the surface can be determined. The technique is validated using computer simulation, as well as field measurements of typical terrain surfaces, such as asphalt, grass, and bare soil. A major advantage of this method is that it obviates the need to use antennas with a narrow beam pattern.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|State||Published - May 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)