A new species of the sclerorhynchid sawfish Borodinopristis from the Campanian (Upper Cretaceous) of North Carolina, USA

Gerard R. Case, Todd D. Cook, Mark V.H. Wilson, Paul D. Borodin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elasmobranch fossils recovered from Campanian marine exposures at Elizabethtown, Bladen County, NC, include species from at least seven genera of sharks and four genera of batoids. Of particular interest is the recovery of multiple isolated rostral spines from a new sclerorhynchid sawfish, Borodinopristis shannoni, sp. nov. Species of Borodinopristis are known from oral teeth and/or rostral spines ('rostral teeth' for some authors). In species known from the latter, the spines differ from those of other sclerorhynchids by the presence of one or more 'collared' barbs on the posterior margin of the crown. Unlike the previously described B. schwimmeri, the rostral spines of the new species have well-developed hooked barbs with collars (curved, connected crests) extending asymmetrically onto the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the spine, as well as small, rudimentary barbs. Also unlike B. schwimmeri, the anterior margin of the spine is strongly convex and there is no enamelled collar at the base of the crown. The new species also occurs in the Upper Cretaceous of the Gulf Coastal Plain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-597
Number of pages6
JournalHistorical Biology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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