Cationic lipid DNA complex (CLDC) is an immunostimulatory preparation that has significant anti-leukemic effects in multiple murine models of leukemia: BCR-ABL+ myelogenous leukemia in C3H/HeJ animals and myelomonocytic leukemia in BALB/c mice. Following leukemic challenge, CLDC treatment inhibits tumor cell growth in vivo and extends survival, sometimes resulting in apparent eradication of tumor cells. CLDC induces multiple cytokines including interferon-gamma (IFNγ), and intravenous treatment results in a more rapid and robust response than subcutaneous treatment. IFNγ is induced in a dose-dependent manner, and tachyphylaxis results from repeated doses of CLDC. Tachyphylaxis of therapeutic effects is exacerbated at higher doses, thus the optimal survival benefits are seen at intermediate doses. animals whose leukemia has been successfully treated with CLDC exhibit a survival advantage when faced with a secondary leukemic challenge, suggesting the existence of an adaptive anti-leukemic response. This work demonstrates the effectiveness of CLDC in multiple experimental leukemias and is consistent with a stimulation of a lasting Th1 antileukemic immune response.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Cancer Research