Highly repetitive wrist motion and extreme wrist posture can result in carpal tunnel syndrome. To study the association between wrist motion and posture and carpal tunnel syndrome, a hand/wrist goniometer is indispensable. This paper describes the development of an optoelectric goniometer. The goniometer utilized a fluid-based absolute angle sensor to transduce wrist posture into electrical signals. A geometric relationship and 6 nonlinear equations were used to calculate relative wrist angles. The result was an easy-to-use and non-exoskeleton hand/wrist goniometer which measures radial-ulnar deviation and flexion-extension of the wrist. Validation results showed that the average error of the absolute angle transducer was 4.5% of the full scale output (180°). Correlation between the output from the sensor and the standard motion was 0.977. Repeatability tests showed that the variation was 6.02% of the input value. The resolution of the sensor was 0.036°.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Human Factors and Ergonomics
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health