Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease affecting nearly 400 million people worldwide. In order to manage the disease, patients need to monitor the blood glucose level by puncturing the finger several times a day, which is uncomfortable and inconvenient. We present here a potential non-invasive monitoring method based on the velocity of ultrasonic waves generated in glucose solution by the photoacoustic principal, which can recognize the glucose concentration down to 20mg/dL. In order to apply this method to warm bodies, we carefully designed the experiment and performed measurements from 30 °C to 50 °C to generate a set of calibration curves, which may be used by engineers to build devices. Most importantly, we have theoretically explained the relationship between the compressibility and the glucose concentration. Our results show that the compressibility of solution decreases with the glucose concentration, which clarified the controversy between theory and experiment results in the literature. The derived formula is generally validity, which can be used to nondestructively measure solution concentration for other types of solutions using photoacoustic principle.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)