A novel low area overhead body bias FPGA architecture for low power applications

S. M. Bae, K. Ramakrishnan, Vijaykrishnan Narayanan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

As technology scales, leakage power shares a dominant part in the total power dissipation of the chip and reaches up to 50% or even higher at elevated temperatures in 45 nm technology. Leakage power dissipation is especially problematic for FPGAs due to their reconfigurable nature and large number of inactive resources. Body biasing is an efficient technique to reduce leakage current which has been widely adopted in 45nm technology low power architectures. FPGAs with coarse grained body bias control only incurred about 10% of the area overhead while increasing the granularity to the finest level dramatically increases the area overhead over 100%. However, the coarse grained body bias control FPGA may not result in satisfactory leakage power reduction since all the paths passing a resource must have enough slacks. To overcome the assignment limitation, we propose a novel FPGA architecture which uses body biasing technique and clock skew scheduling at a coarse grained architecture level. Clock skew scheduling technique only incurs 3.35% of additional area overhead in order to distribute slack to the resource instead of increasing the minimum body-bias granularity. Further, we propose a body bias assignment algorithm to leverage the proposed architecture. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed architecture achieved an average leakage reduction of about 76% as compared to 61% of coarse grained architecture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2009 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI, ISVLSI 2009
Pages193-198
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2009
Event2009 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI, ISVLSI 2009 - Tampa, FL, United States
Duration: May 14 2009May 15 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2009 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI, ISVLSI 2009

Other

Other2009 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI, ISVLSI 2009
CountryUnited States
CityTampa, FL
Period5/14/095/15/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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