We present a MEMS-based technique for in-situ uniaxial tensile testing of freestanding thin films inside SEM and TEM. It integrates a freestanding thin film specimen with MEMS force sensors and structures to produce an on-chip tensile testing facility. Cofabrication of the specimen with force and displacement measuring mechanisms produces the following unique features: 1) Quantitative experimentation can be carried out in both SEM and TEM, 2) No extra gripping mechanism is required, 3) Specimen misalignment can be eliminated, 4) Prestress in specimen can be determined, and 5) Specimens with micrometer to nanometer thickness can be tested. We demonstrate the technique by testing a 200-nanometer thick Aluminum specimen in-situ in SEM. Significant strengthening and anelasticity were observed at this size scale.