Nanocrystalline biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) powder was synthesized from natural bovine bone via a very economic process. The bovine bone was annealed at 900°C for 2 h and elemental compositions were qualitatively identified by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) in the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The calcined bovine bone was powdered and mixed with calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate (CaHPO4·2H2O, DCPD). After that, the prepared powder was uniaxially pressed into pellets. The pellets were annealed at 900-1200°C and then crushed to obtain nanocrystalline BCP powder. The morphology and microstructure of the BCP powder were studied by SEM. The results showed that the prepared powder consisted of small size and highly agglomerated particles. X-ray diffraction method was utilized to characterize the phase formation and crystallite size of prepared powder. The crystallite sizes of BCP powder calculated by using XRD data were in the range of 20-60 nm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics