A novel type of transient luminous event produced by terrestrial gamma-ray flashes

Wei Xu, Sebastien Celestin, Victor P. Pasko, Robert A. Marshall

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs), discovered in 1994 by the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory, are high-energy photon bursts originating in the Earth's atmosphere in association with thunderstorms. In this paper, we demonstrate theoretically that, while TGFs pass through the atmosphere, the large quantities of energetic electrons knocked out by collisions between photons and air molecules generate excited species of neutral and ionized molecules, leading to a significant amount of optical emissions. These emissions represent a novel type of transient luminous events in the vicinity of the cloud tops. We show that this predicted phenomenon illuminates a region with a size notably larger than the TGF source and has detectable levels of brightness. Since the spectroscopic, morphological, and temporal features of this luminous event are closely related with TGFs, corresponding measurements would provide a novel perspective for investigation of TGFs, as well as lightning discharges that produce them.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2571-2578
    Number of pages8
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Volume44
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 16 2017

    Fingerprint

    flash
    gamma rays
    atmosphere
    thunderstorm
    lightning
    energetics
    observatory
    collision
    electron
    air
    Gamma Ray Observatory
    thunderstorms
    Earth atmosphere
    energy
    photons
    light emission
    molecules
    bursts
    brightness
    atmospheres

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Xu, Wei ; Celestin, Sebastien ; Pasko, Victor P. ; Marshall, Robert A. / A novel type of transient luminous event produced by terrestrial gamma-ray flashes. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 2571-2578.
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    A novel type of transient luminous event produced by terrestrial gamma-ray flashes. / Xu, Wei; Celestin, Sebastien; Pasko, Victor P.; Marshall, Robert A.

    In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, No. 5, 16.03.2017, p. 2571-2578.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs), discovered in 1994 by the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory, are high-energy photon bursts originating in the Earth's atmosphere in association with thunderstorms. In this paper, we demonstrate theoretically that, while TGFs pass through the atmosphere, the large quantities of energetic electrons knocked out by collisions between photons and air molecules generate excited species of neutral and ionized molecules, leading to a significant amount of optical emissions. These emissions represent a novel type of transient luminous events in the vicinity of the cloud tops. We show that this predicted phenomenon illuminates a region with a size notably larger than the TGF source and has detectable levels of brightness. Since the spectroscopic, morphological, and temporal features of this luminous event are closely related with TGFs, corresponding measurements would provide a novel perspective for investigation of TGFs, as well as lightning discharges that produce them.

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