A numerical analysis on microtube hydroforging

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High-pressure tube hydroforming is a promising method to deform the tubes in various shapes by bulging the tube by applying high internal pressure. However, the challenges lie in the process itself, i.e., requires an expensive pump system and brings excessive thinning in the deformed part section. One option is to reduce the required pressure to solve these difficulties, and the other is to provide the axial feed to the tube in the deformation zone to reduce the thinning. However, due to the higher axial load, the tube buckles. This study is taking advantage of this buckling mechanic to convert it into a successful shaping option. This process is named as tube hydroforging. In this process, the tube was first bulged to a level using internal pressure in an open die without axial feed. Then a minimum pressure was applied, and dies were displaced to shape the tube. The paper studies the process for the microtube. The results noted that lower internal pressure is required to bulge the tube and either no internal or a minimum constant pressure to hydroforge the tube depending on the opening section and thickness of the tube.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1867-1888
Number of pages22
JournalAdvances in Materials and Processing Technologies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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