A Numerical Model for the Analysis of Leading-Edge Protection Tapes for Wind Turbine Blades

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Abstract

This paper presents results of a numerical study on the effect of a standard leading-edge protection (LEP) tape on the aerodynamics of a NACA 64-618 airfoil. Two numerical models are used in STAR-CCM+ to estimate the impact of LEP tapes on airfoil cl and cd. The objective is to determine which numerical model resolves the physical mechanisms responsible for the aerodynamic degradation observed with standard LEP tapes. Experimental cd data are collected for LEP tapes applied to the tip section of an utility-scale wind turbine blade for numerical validation. For a standard LEP tape, experiments indicate laminar-to-turbulent boundary-layer transition occurs at the LEP tape edge, resulting in a 62% increase in cd. To capture the boundary-layer transition at the LEP step, transition modeling is required in STAR-CCM+. This is an important finding as the mesh techniques developed in this work can be used for future LEP tape design to prevent early transition, thereby reducing the associated adverse impact on wind-turbine tip-section airfoil aerodynamics and annual energy production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012058
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1452
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2020
EventNorth American Wind Energy Academy, NAWEA 2019 and the International Conference on Future Technologies in Wind Energy 2019, WindTech 2019 - Amherst, United States
Duration: Oct 14 2019Oct 16 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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