A one-dimensional Pt degradation model for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Yubai Li, Koji Moriyama, Wenbin Gu, Srikanth Arisetty, C. Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A one-dimensional model is developed and validated to study platinum degradation and the subsequent electrochemical surface area (ECA) loss in the cathode catalyst layer (CL) of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). The model includes two mechanisms of Pt degradation: Ostwald ripening on carbon support and Pt dissolution-re-precipitation through the ionomer phase. Impact of H2 | N2 or H2 | Air operation, operating temperature, and relative humidity (RH) on Pt degradation during voltage cycling is explored. It is shown that ECA loss is non-uniform across the cathode CL with a zone of exacerbated Pt degradation and hence much lower ECA found near the membrane. This non-uniform Pt degradation is caused by consumption of Pt ions by crossover H2 in both H2 | N2 and H2 | Air systems. An important consequence is that thinning the cathode electrode in a fuel cell would lead to more ECA loss as a higher fraction of the thin CL would fall in this exacerbated degradation zone. We have quantified the effect of thin cathode CLs on Pt degradation for the first time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F834-F842
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume162
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Electrolytes
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Polymers
electrolytes
degradation
Degradation
polymers
Cathodes
cathodes
catalysts
Catalysts
Ostwald ripening
Ionomers
air
Air
Platinum
operating temperature
humidity
Atmospheric humidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Li, Yubai ; Moriyama, Koji ; Gu, Wenbin ; Arisetty, Srikanth ; Wang, C. Y. / A one-dimensional Pt degradation model for polymer electrolyte fuel cells. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2015 ; Vol. 162, No. 8. pp. F834-F842.
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A one-dimensional Pt degradation model for polymer electrolyte fuel cells. / Li, Yubai; Moriyama, Koji; Gu, Wenbin; Arisetty, Srikanth; Wang, C. Y.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, No. 8, 01.01.2015, p. F834-F842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Li, Yubai

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AU - Gu, Wenbin

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