A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory

Timothy D. Ritchie, Tamzin J. Batteson, Annette Bohn, Matthew T. Crawford, Georgie V. Ferguson, Robert W. Schrauf, Rodney J. Vogl, W. Richard Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fading affect bias (FAB) refers to the negative affect associated with autobiographical events fading faster than the positive affect associated with such events, a reliable and valid valence effect established by researchers in the USA. The present study examined the idea that the FAB is a ubiquitous emotion regulating phenomenon in autobiographical memory that is present in people from a variety of cultures. We tested for evidence of the FAB by sampling more than 2400 autobiographical event descriptions from 562 participants in 10 cultures around the world. Using variations on a common method, each sample evidenced a FAB: positive affect faded slower than negative affect did. Results suggest that in tandem with local norms and customs, the FAB may foster recovery from negative life events and promote the retention of the positive emotions, within and outside of the USA. We discuss these findings in the context of Keltner and Haidt's levels of analysis theory of emotion and culture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-290
Number of pages13
JournalMemory
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2015

Fingerprint

Episodic Memory
Emotions
Autobiographical Memory
Selection Bias
Research Personnel
Emotion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Ritchie, T. D., Batteson, T. J., Bohn, A., Crawford, M. T., Ferguson, G. V., Schrauf, R. W., ... Walker, W. R. (2015). A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory. Memory, 23(2), 278-290. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2014.884138
Ritchie, Timothy D. ; Batteson, Tamzin J. ; Bohn, Annette ; Crawford, Matthew T. ; Ferguson, Georgie V. ; Schrauf, Robert W. ; Vogl, Rodney J. ; Walker, W. Richard. / A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory. In: Memory. 2015 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 278-290.
@article{3705bd5772eb4b06b55a03dc9a952343,
title = "A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory",
abstract = "The fading affect bias (FAB) refers to the negative affect associated with autobiographical events fading faster than the positive affect associated with such events, a reliable and valid valence effect established by researchers in the USA. The present study examined the idea that the FAB is a ubiquitous emotion regulating phenomenon in autobiographical memory that is present in people from a variety of cultures. We tested for evidence of the FAB by sampling more than 2400 autobiographical event descriptions from 562 participants in 10 cultures around the world. Using variations on a common method, each sample evidenced a FAB: positive affect faded slower than negative affect did. Results suggest that in tandem with local norms and customs, the FAB may foster recovery from negative life events and promote the retention of the positive emotions, within and outside of the USA. We discuss these findings in the context of Keltner and Haidt's levels of analysis theory of emotion and culture.",
author = "Ritchie, {Timothy D.} and Batteson, {Tamzin J.} and Annette Bohn and Crawford, {Matthew T.} and Ferguson, {Georgie V.} and Schrauf, {Robert W.} and Vogl, {Rodney J.} and Walker, {W. Richard}",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1080/09658211.2014.884138",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "278--290",
journal = "Memory",
issn = "0965-8211",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "2",

}

Ritchie, TD, Batteson, TJ, Bohn, A, Crawford, MT, Ferguson, GV, Schrauf, RW, Vogl, RJ & Walker, WR 2015, 'A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory', Memory, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 278-290. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2014.884138

A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory. / Ritchie, Timothy D.; Batteson, Tamzin J.; Bohn, Annette; Crawford, Matthew T.; Ferguson, Georgie V.; Schrauf, Robert W.; Vogl, Rodney J.; Walker, W. Richard.

In: Memory, Vol. 23, No. 2, 17.02.2015, p. 278-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory

AU - Ritchie, Timothy D.

AU - Batteson, Tamzin J.

AU - Bohn, Annette

AU - Crawford, Matthew T.

AU - Ferguson, Georgie V.

AU - Schrauf, Robert W.

AU - Vogl, Rodney J.

AU - Walker, W. Richard

PY - 2015/2/17

Y1 - 2015/2/17

N2 - The fading affect bias (FAB) refers to the negative affect associated with autobiographical events fading faster than the positive affect associated with such events, a reliable and valid valence effect established by researchers in the USA. The present study examined the idea that the FAB is a ubiquitous emotion regulating phenomenon in autobiographical memory that is present in people from a variety of cultures. We tested for evidence of the FAB by sampling more than 2400 autobiographical event descriptions from 562 participants in 10 cultures around the world. Using variations on a common method, each sample evidenced a FAB: positive affect faded slower than negative affect did. Results suggest that in tandem with local norms and customs, the FAB may foster recovery from negative life events and promote the retention of the positive emotions, within and outside of the USA. We discuss these findings in the context of Keltner and Haidt's levels of analysis theory of emotion and culture.

AB - The fading affect bias (FAB) refers to the negative affect associated with autobiographical events fading faster than the positive affect associated with such events, a reliable and valid valence effect established by researchers in the USA. The present study examined the idea that the FAB is a ubiquitous emotion regulating phenomenon in autobiographical memory that is present in people from a variety of cultures. We tested for evidence of the FAB by sampling more than 2400 autobiographical event descriptions from 562 participants in 10 cultures around the world. Using variations on a common method, each sample evidenced a FAB: positive affect faded slower than negative affect did. Results suggest that in tandem with local norms and customs, the FAB may foster recovery from negative life events and promote the retention of the positive emotions, within and outside of the USA. We discuss these findings in the context of Keltner and Haidt's levels of analysis theory of emotion and culture.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922215192&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922215192&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09658211.2014.884138

DO - 10.1080/09658211.2014.884138

M3 - Article

C2 - 24524255

AN - SCOPUS:84922215192

VL - 23

SP - 278

EP - 290

JO - Memory

JF - Memory

SN - 0965-8211

IS - 2

ER -

Ritchie TD, Batteson TJ, Bohn A, Crawford MT, Ferguson GV, Schrauf RW et al. A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory. Memory. 2015 Feb 17;23(2):278-290. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2014.884138